TaxProf Blog

Editor: Paul L. Caron, Dean
Pepperdine University School of Law

Tuesday, April 2, 2019

Are Law Schools Helping Students Who Want To Help Others?

Law 360, Are Law Schools Helping Students Who Want To Help Others?:

Dara Jackson-Garrett entered Harvard Law School hoping for a career in public interest, and by the end of her first year, she’d settled on becoming a public defender.

But Jackson-Garrett, who is 27 and describes herself as a first-generation law student from a low-income background, still found herself interviewing for internships at private law firms because, “of course, the money,” she says.

She isn’t the only one to face that choice. The percentage of law graduates choosing to go into private practice has been increasing over the last three years and was at 54.4 percent of the 2017 graduating class, according to the National Association for Law Placement. But the number of students choosing public interest law has remained stagnant for years, coming in at only 7.2 percent in 2017. Such roles include working at nonprofits providing legal services to the poor, as prosecutors or public defenders, and in government.

“When you do public interest you’re kind of going against the river, you’re going against the tradewinds,” says Jackson-Garrett, now in her second year at Harvard Law.

While law school tuition and law firm pay are both rising, President Donald Trump has moved to eliminate student loan forgiveness for public service lawyers in his most recent budget. The result is “the perfect storm for a huge drought” of attorneys willing to work in the public sector, says Michael Barrett, the state public defender director for the Missouri State Public Defender System.

At the same time, there’s a glaring need for lawyers committed to representing the indigent and other vulnerable populations. The public defender system in Missouri, for example, is currently so understaffed that clients sit on waiting lists for lawyers who sometimes handle more than 200 cases at a time, according to Barrett.

With the country’s justice gap growing wider, some advocates are asking — what can law schools do to keep public-interest-minded students from getting blown off-course?

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April 2, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Monday, April 1, 2019

Does The Uniform Bar Exam Leave Young Lawyers Unprepared For State-Specific Practice?

New York Law Journal, NYSBA to Study if Move to Uniform Bar Exam Led to a Rise in Lawyers Unprepared to Practice:

Responding to anecdotal evidence that new lawyers don’t understand the rules for practicing in New York courts, the state bar association is announcing today that it’s creating a task force to study whether the adoption of the Uniform Bar Exam is responsible.


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April 1, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Yale Law School Yanks Stipends From Students Who Work For Christian Firms

Yale University LogoFollowing up on my previous post, I Thought I Could Be A Christian At Yale Law School. I Was Wrong.:  The Federalist op-ed: Yale Law School Yanks Stipends From Students Who Work For Christian Firms, by Aaron Haviland (3L, Yale Law School):

Several weeks ago, I wrote about the challenges of being a Christian and a conservative at Yale Law School. A few days ago, the law school decided to double down and prove my point.

After the Yale Federalist Society invited an attorney from Alliance Defending Freedom (ADF), a prominent Christian legal group, to speak about the Masterpiece Cakeshop case, conservative students faced backlash. Outlaws, the law school’s LGBTQ group, demanded that Yale Law School “clarify” its admissions policies for students who support ADF’s positions. Additionally, Outlaws insisted that students who work for religious or conservative public interest organizations such as ADF during their summers should not receive financial support from the law school.

On March 25, one month after the controversy, Yale Law School announced via email that it was extending its nondiscrimination policy to summer public interest fellowships, postgraduate public interest fellowships, and loan forgiveness for public interest careers. The school will no longer provide financial support for students and graduates who work at organizations that discriminate on the basis of “sexual orientation and gender identity and expression.”

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April 1, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (6)

Good News For Lawyers As Employment, Income Increase Again

Stephen F. Diamond (Santa Clara), Good News for Lawyers as Employment Increases Again; Silicon Valley Lawyers Get a Hefty Pay Raise:

Continuing a decades old trend, employment of lawyers increased yet again from May, 2017 to May, 2018, in the latest data released today, March 29, 2019, by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor. (The data excludes partners, who are not defined as “employees,” and may also exclude some solo practitioners.) 

Nationally, there were 642,750 people employed as lawyers as of May 2018 compared to 628,370 a year earlier, representing an increase (net of retirements, deaths, and changes of employment) of 14,380 lawyers [2.2%]. ...

Incomes were up, yet again, as in every year but one over the last two decades. The mean wage as of 2018 was $144,230 [+1.6%] and the median was $120,910 [+1.3%].  ...

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April 1, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (5)

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April 1, 2019 in About This Blog, Legal Education, Tax | Permalink | Comments (0)

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April 1, 2019 in About This Blog, Legal Education, Tax | Permalink | Comments (1)

TaxProf Blog Weekend Roundup

Sunday, March 31, 2019

Man Mistaken For Uber Driver Charged With Kidnapping, Killing Incoming Drexel Law School 1L, Man Mistaken for Uber Driver Charged with Kidnapping, Killing College Student from N.J.:

A 21-year-old New Jersey woman attending college in South Carolina was kidnapped and killed there after mistakenly getting into a stranger’s car that she thought was the Uber ride she had summoned, police announced Saturday evening.

The Columbia, South Carolina police chief provided that and other details in announcing an arrest in the murder of Samantha Josephson of Robbinsville, who went missing early Friday and was found dead later that day. Her father had reported her death on social media early Saturday.

Chief W.H. Holbrook said during a news conference that Stephenson, a student at the University of South Carolina in Columbia, had summoned a car from the ride-sharing app and was waiting for it outside a downtown location in Columbia where she had been out with friends sometime before 2 a.m. on Friday.

When a black Chevrolet Impala pulled up, Holbrook said, Josephson got in.

“She simply mistakenly got into this ... car thinking it was an Uber ride,” Holbrook said during the news conference, which was posted online.

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March 31, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Commuter Faculty Spouses

Commuter SpousesInside Higher Ed, ‘Commuter Spouses’:

Many academics have partners who are academics, and "two-body issues" complicate many a job search. A new book looks at the impact of these situations on the couples and on society. While many of the couples examined in Commuter Spouses: New Families in a Changing World (Cornell University Press Mar. 15, 2019) are academics, the book explores the issues that arise for others as well.

Danielle Lindemann, assistant professor of sociology at Lehigh University, wrote the book based not only on her research but on her personal experience. She responded via email to questions about the book.

Q: Your author ID says of you, your husband and your "feisty preschooler" that "Currently they all live together." As you note in the acknowledgments, this is a subject you know from personal experience. What has your experience as a "commuter spouse" been like?

A: I lived apart from my husband (part of the time) from 2011 to 2013 while I was doing a postdoc at Vanderbilt in Nashville and he remained in New York. We’re actually not a great case study of commuter marriage, because in many ways we had an ideal setup. We knew we were doing it for a finite period, we were childless at the time, it was a research-oriented postdoc, so there was a lot I could do remotely, and we’re also incredibly privileged in a lot of ways. If you changed just one of those variables, it probably would have been a lot less tolerable. As it was, by the end of the two years, I was more than ready to be done with the commuting. In that last respect, I was similar to the people I interviewed for the book. Most people could find at least one thing they liked about the arrangement, but almost nobody was saying, “This my ideal setup and I want to do it forever.” Everyone I interviewed, except for one person, was either back living with their partners at the time I spoke with them, or planned on resuming cohabitation in the future.

Q: Many academic jobs are in small college towns. How does this influence the academic couple in a commuter relationship?

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March 31, 2019 in Book Club, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, March 30, 2019

This Week's Ten Most Popular TaxProf Blog Posts

Friday, March 29, 2019

Weekly Legal Education Roundup

Thursday, March 28, 2019

Law Reviews And The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

HarvardLawProfBlawg (Anonymous Professor, Top 100 Law School), Law Reviews And The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy:

It’s time once again to take a look at things in the top 10 law review front. ... Out of the top 10 law journals, 80 percent of the publications in top 10 law reviews for 2018 are written by authors whose alma mater is one of those schools. ... In 2018, Yale Law School J.D. alums account for 25 percent of all T10 articles published.  Harvard accounts for 19 percent. ...

What this does suggest is that, unsurprisingly, the hierarchy perpetuates itself.  As the data suggests, there is some modicum of privilege that arises from being an alum of a highly ranked law school.  One might call it classism in academia.  Even if you decide not to call it that, it’s a combination of unsavory things that give rise to hierarchy.

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March 28, 2019 in Law Review Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (2)

The Hidden Costs Of Stressed-Out Faculty And Staff

PaycheckWall Street Journal op-ed:  The Hidden Costs of Stressed-Out Workers, by Jeffrey Pfeffer (Stanford; author, Dying for a Paycheck: How Modern Management Harms Employee Health and Company Performance (2018)):

Over the years, businesses have substantially reduced the risk of workplace injuries and accidents. But the harm to employees from stressful working conditions hasn’t gotten nearly the same attention. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported in 2016 that stress is the leading workplace health problem, ahead of physical inactivity and obesity. It affects both blue- and white-collar jobs, across a wide range of incomes, and is a leading contributor to turnover, absenteeism and productivity losses.

Those indirect costs to companies can be even larger than the direct costs of workers’ compensation and health benefits. Take absenteeism: According to U.K. government figures, more than half of the country’s working days lost to ill health in 2017-2018 were caused by stress, depression or anxiety. Then there is “presenteeism”—employees who, though at work, are not at their physical or psychological best. In a 2016 survey of some 2,000 employees conducted by a unit of the Virgin Group, participants acknowledged being unproductive an average of 57.5 days a year, or nearly a quarter of their work time.

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March 28, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (4)

Randall Kennedy: Derrick Bell And Me

BKRandall Kennedy (Harvard), Derrick Bell and Me:

This paper describes Professor Derrick Bell’s life in the law, assesses his writings, appraises his struggles at Harvard Law School, and recounts his relationship with a colleague, Randall Kennedy, for whom he was a mentor, friend, and adversary. ...

In the final several months of his life in 2011, I spoke with Derrick twice. The first time I called to tell him that I had heard that he was ill, that I was pulling for him, and that I was grateful for all that he had done for me. He discussed his impending end with aplomb and declared that he felt himself to be supremely lucky in having been able to marry Janet Dewart Bell with whom he had spent years of happy, delightful, and productive companionship.

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March 28, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Gallup's 'Single Most Profound Finding In Its History': 70% Of An Organization's Success Depends On The Quality Of Its Managers

ManagerWall Street Journal op-ed:  One Fix For All That's Wrong: Better Managers, by Sam Walker (author, The Captain Class: The Hidden Force That Creates the World’s Greatest Teams (2018)):

Five years ago, the Gallup organization embarked on one of the most ambitious deep dives it has ever conducted; an analysis of the future of work based on a decade of input from nearly 2 million employees and more than 300,000 business units. The results confirmed something Gallup had seen before: a company’s productivity depends, to a high degree, on the quality of its managers.

What no one saw coming, however, was the sheer size of that correlation—something Gallup calls “the single most profound, distinct and clarifying finding” in its 80-year history. The study showed that managers didn’t just influence the results their teams achieved, they explained a full 70% of the variance. In other words, if it’s a superior team you’re after, hiring the right manager is nearly three-fourths of the battle. ...

The study’s conclusions, laid out in Gallup’s forthcoming book, It’s the Manager, struck a particular chord with me. I, too, had exhaustively studied teams—although my subjects were the top dynasties in sports. I’d reached a similar conclusion: The overwhelming driver for sustained excellence in sports was another kind of middle manager, the team captain.

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March 27, 2019 in Book Club, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Nonprofit AccessLex Institute To Offer Bar Prep Courses At Reduced Cost (At Least $1,000 Less)

AccessLexNonprofit AccessLex Institute to Create Market-Altering Bar Exam Preparation Program:

AccessLex Institute, a nonprofit organization which fosters broad-based access to quality legal education and works to maximize the value and affordability of a law degree, has announced it will offer a superior bar examination preparation program at a price that will rationalize and reset market pricing. With current bar prep programs retailing at two to three times the estimated cost of delivery, this new AccessLex initiative can ultimately save bar exam takers tens of millions of dollars annually.

"For far too long, the leading commercial bar exam preparation companies have leveraged their market positions to exact outsize profits from the tens of thousands of aspiring lawyers who sit for the bar exam every year," said AccessLex President and Chief Executive Officer, Christopher P. Chapman. "Now is the time for AccessLex to apply its resources, relationships and reputation to expose and disrupt the oligarchy-esque pricing model that continues to stubbornly exist."

The model for the AccessLex program is simple—commit mission-driven funding to build a superior program and offer it to law students at the operating cost incurred by AccessLex. The program will function like a co-operative, with a transparent pricing structure established at a break-even level and reduced further as cost efficiencies are gained.

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March 27, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

Online Law School Courses Pass The Test

OnlineABA Journal, If Taught Well, Online Law School Courses Can Pass the Test, Experts Say:

The skills for teaching online law school courses are not unlike those needed for the practice of law. Both require concise writing, well-organized outlines and the ability to speak without appearing that you’re reading from a script, says Ellen Murphy, assistant dean of instructional technologies and design at Wake Forest University School of Law.

And despite the stereotypes about online offerings being low-quality, Murphy says that when the courses are done well, students and professors may have a better connection than they would with in-person classes. With online learning, she adds, “you can’t hide in the back row.”

In August, an ABA accreditation standard regarding distance education was revised, so that law schools can now offer up to one-third of their credits online, including for first-year coursework. Ten of those credits can be for first-year coursework. Previously, unless a law school obtained a variance, no more than 15 credits could be offered through online offerings, and only for students who completed first-year classes.

Barry Currier, the ABA’s managing director of accreditation and legal education, says many law schools are probably considering online courses or increasing what they already have. Accredited law schools with recent online offerings include Syracuse University College of Law, the University of Dayton School of Law and Southwestern Law School. Also, Mitchell Hamline School of Law has had an online program since 2015. [Pepperdine offers online Master of Legal Studies and Master of Dispute Resolution programs.]

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March 26, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Notre Dame And Baylor Admit More Legacies Than Harvard and Yale

Bloomberg, Notre Dame and Baylor Admit More Legacies Than Harvard and Yale:

The University of Notre Dame leads top U.S. schools in admitting the most children of alumni -- 22 percent by latest count.

That’s among universities with the 25 biggest endowments as tracked by Bloomberg. Among those outside the top 25, Baylor University in Waco, Texas, led the league in legacies with 32 percent.

Schools slice the data differently. Most call students with alumni family members “legacies.’’ Yale University refers to “legacy affiliation.’’ It said 11 percent of its Class of 2022 falls into that category. Fourteen percent of Princeton University’s student body are children of alums. The University of Southern California calls them “scions’’ — applicants with a parent, grandparent or sibling who graduated from USC. They represent 16 percent of the USC student body.

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March 26, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (4)

Loyola Law School LLX: The Netflix Of Legal Education?

Netflix LoyolaInside Higher Ed, A Law School Ventures Into Executive Ed:

Business schools dominate online executive education, for good reason. But leaders at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles believe they’ve identified a gap in the market: teaching basic legal skills to business professionals.

The law school, part of private nonprofit Loyola Marymount University, is today launching an executive education program called LLX.

Michael Waterstone, Fritz B. Burns Dean of Loyola Law, said the motivation behind the program is to open up legal education to a “wider range of executives and professionals.” ...

While LLX’s mission is ostensibly to make legal knowledge accessible to people without law degrees, the law school still wants to make money. Admissions will be selective, and the six-week courses will cost around $1,000. In addition to online courses, LLX will also provide on-campus courses and is open to teaching bespoke curricula on-site at company locations.

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March 26, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Pepperdine Seeks To Hire Assistant Dean For Strategic Initiatives

Pepperdine (2019)With Jim Gash, the law school's Associate Dean for Strategic Planning and External Relations assuming the Pepperdine University Presidency on August 1, we are seeking to hire an Assistant Dean for Strategic Initiatives:

Law is seeking applications for the full-time position of Assistant Dean for Strategic Initiatives (“ADSI”). The position reports to the Dean. This position is responsible for casting a vision for the online programs and innovating other sources of new revenue for the law school.

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March 26, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, March 25, 2019

Connecting Law Students' Goals To Lawyer Competency

Neil W. Hamilton (St. Thomas), Connecting Prospective Law Students’ Goals to the Competencies that Clients and Legal Employers Need to Achieve More Competent Graduates and Stronger Applicant Pools and Employment Outcomes, 9 St. Mary’s J. Legal Mal. & Ethics ___ (2019):

In changing markets for clients and legal employers, law schools that most effectively connect the goals of prospective and enrolled law students to the competencies that clients and legal employers need will be successful. Over time, a school that creates this type of effective bridge will benefit from a reputation both among legal employers and clients for educating highly effective graduates and among prospective students for helping them achieve their goals. All stakeholders benefit, but for faculty, stronger applicant pools and strong post-graduation employment outcomes in particular contribute greatly to the quality of the students and the school’s ranking and financial stability.

This article is the first to help faculty and staff make use of new data on the goals of undergraduate students considering law school and enrolled law student, the competencies that clients and legal employers want, and the learning outcomes that the law schools are adopting to design a more effective curriculum to help all the stakeholders to reach their goals.

Neil 1

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March 25, 2019 in Legal Education, Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (2)

2020 U.S. News Trial Advocacy Rankings

6a00d8341c4eab53ef0240a490199b200b-250wiThe new 2020 U.S. News Trial Advocacy Rankings include the trial advocacy programs at 187 law schools (the faculty survey had a 53% response rate). Here are the Top 50:

Rank Score School
1 4.0 Stetson
2 3.9 Baylor
3 3.8 Temple
4 3.7 Loyola-L.A.
5 3.6 American
5 3.6 Chicago-Kent
7 3.5 Denver
7 3.5 Pacific
9 3.4 Fordham
9 3.4 South Texas
11 3.3 Drexel
11 3.3 Georgetown
11 3.3 Northwestern
11 3.3 NYU
15 3.2 Houston
15 3.2 Loyola-Chicago
15 3.2 Notre Dame
15 3.2 Samford
15 3.2 Suffolk
15 3.2 UC-Berkeley
21 3.1 Georgia
21 3.1 Georgia State
21 3.1 John Marshall (IL)
21 3.1 UC-Hastings
21 3.1 Wake Forest
21 3.1 Washington Univ.
27 3.0 Campbell
27 3.0 Emory
27 3.0 Missouri (Kansas City)
27 3.0 Syracuse
27 3.0 Texas
27 3.0 UC-Davis
27 3.0 Virginia
34 2.9 Akron
34 2.9 Florida
34 2.9 George Washington
34 2.9 Harvard
34 2.9 Hofstra
34 2.9 Howard
34 2.9 Michigan
34 2.9 North Carolina
34 2.9 South Carolina
43 2.8 Alabama
43 2.8 Arizona
43 2.8 Faulkner
43 2.8 Maryland
43 2.8 St. Mary's
43 2.8 Tennessee
43 2.8 Tulane
43 2.8 UCLA
43 2.8 Univ. of Washington
43 2.8 Utah
43 2.8 Vanderbilt
43 2.8 Wisconsin

As I blogged last fall, U.S. News has dramatically changed their ranking of nine law school specialty programs:

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March 25, 2019 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

TaxProf Blog Weekend Roundup

Sunday, March 24, 2019

Incoming Batch Of Law Deans Is More Diverse Than Ever; New Women, Minority Deans Exceed New White Male Deans

National Law Journal, Incoming Batch of Law Deans Is More Diverse Than Ever:

The wave of minority women taking the helm at law schools is gaining momentum.

Two law schools in the past week have named black women as dean. Stetson University College of Law has tapped Michele Alexandre to be its next top administrator—the first African-American to fill that role. On Wednesday, the University of Cincinnati announced that Verna Williams was being elevated from interim dean to full dean. She, too, will be the school’s first black dean. Those appointments add to what is already shaping up to be a diverse crop of incoming deans.

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March 24, 2019 in Legal Education, Scholarship, Tax | Permalink | Comments (2)

Pepperdine Spiritual Life Blogcast: How Practicing Law Teaches Me To Love My Neighbor

Pepperdine CrossSara Barton (University Chaplain), Pepperdine Spiritual Life Blogcast:

Embedded in all of our days, weeks, and years are opportunities to grow deeper in faith and closer in community. And we often take advantage of this special, transitional time of the year to commit to new spiritual habits — to devote time to God and to our spiritual growth.

We have an astounding number of faith resources available in this community among our faculty, staff, students, and guests. So this year, I am launching a spiritual life podcast and blog that will make those resources more widely available across our five schools, in hopes that we can better support and connect to one another in our spiritual lives. It is my hope that the regular messages may encourage and teach you something new on your commute, afternoon walk, or lunch break.

Jeff Baker (Pepperdine Law), How Practicing Law Teaches Me to Love My Neighbor:

Being a lawyer and a clinical law professor ushers me into a sacred space of vulnerability and trust with many lives and communities. Law school famously teaches students to "think like a lawyer," but the real work of thinking like a lawyer is in service to a client. Moving from the classroom to practice is a profound shift when we realize that a client is not a hypothetical fact pattern posing a theoretical question.

Clients are neighbors who entrust us with their very liberties, fortunes, dreams, families, and governments. Lawyers step into a place of trust and confidence that can reveal some profound truths about ourselves and our communities. Among those realities is the elusive tangle of individual rights with inescapable forces in society and community. All people are luminous individuals bearing the image of God who are utterly dependent on each other to flourish. When we approach these relationships with rigorous love, paths appear toward justice and peace.

The imago dei of the creation story is the foundation for the greatest commands: to love God with whole hearts and to love our neighbors as ourselves. God loves us. We love each other because we love God, and we love God by loving each other. This is the organizing principle of Christian life. The Golden Rule creates a radical rule of life that requires us to treat everyone else like we want to be treated. If we would not be erased, replaced, or ignored ourselves, so we should not erase, replace, or ignore. If we would be heard, we should listen. If we would have power ourselves, we should empower others. If we would have a place at the table, we should put in the leaves and pull up some chairs so everyone has room.

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March 24, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, March 23, 2019

This Week's Ten Most Popular TaxProf Blog Posts

Western State May Be Sixth ABA-Accredited Law School To Close Since 2016

Western State LogoFollowing up on my previous posts (links below):  The Recorder, Federal Judge Throws Sinking Western State Law a Short-Term Lifeline:

It seems the beleaguered Western State College of Law won’t become the first American Bar Accredited-law school to shut down midsemester after all.

A federal judge in Ohio on Tuesday ordered the receiver tasked with winding down the Orange County, California, school to extend enough funding to allow it to remain open until May 29—giving the 77 students in their final semester the ability to complete their legal studies and graduate. The judge also extended the time period for the law school to secure a new owner by a month, until April 26. But the school's long-term prospects remain grim.

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March 23, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, March 22, 2019

Weekly Legal Education Roundup

2020 U.S. News Legal Writing Rankings

6a00d8341c4eab53ef0240a490199b200b-250wiThe new 2020 U.S. News Legal Writing Rankings include the legal writing programs at 163 law schools (the faculty survey had a 43% response rate). Here are the Top 50:

Rank Score School
1 4.5 UNLV
2 4.1 Seattle
3 4.0 Stetson
3 4.0 Suffolk
5 3.9 Arizona State
5 3.9 Oregon
5 3.9 Wake Forest
8 3.8 Denver
8 3.8 John Marshall (IL)
8 3.8 North Carolina
11 3.7 Temple
12 3.6 Arkansas (Little Rock)
12 3.6 Georgetown
14 3.5 Drexel
14 3.5 Duquesne
14 3.5 Marquette
14 3.5 Mercer
14 3.5 Michigan
14 3.5 UC-Irvine
20 3.4 Drake 
20 3.4 Indiana (McKinney)
20 3.4 Missouri (Kansas City)
20 3.4 Northwestern
20 3.4 Nova
20 3.4 Pacific
20 3.4 Rutgers
20 3.4 Texas Tech
20 3.4 Washburn
29 3.3 Arizona
29 3.3 Baltimore
29 3.3 Boston College
29 3.3 Brooklyn
29 3.3 Lewis & Clark
29 3.3 Memphis
29 3.3 Texas
29 3.3 Villanova
37 3.2 Chicago-Kent
37 3.2 Iowa
37 3.2 Ohio State
37 3.2 Tennessee
37 3.2 Texas A&M
42 3.1 Arkansas (Fayetteville)
42 3.1 DePaul
42 3.1 Duke
42 3.1 Loyola-Chicago
42 3.1 Loyola-New Orleans
42 3.1 Northeastern
42 3.1 South Carolina
42 3.1 Syracuse
42 3.1 Univ. of Washington
42 3.1 Wyoming

As I blogged last fall, U.S. News has dramatically changed their ranking of nine law school specialty programs:

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March 22, 2019 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Law Schools See High Dean Turnover As Pressures Increase

Daily Journal, Law Schools See High Dean Turnover as Pressures Increase:

In the past five years, 15 of California's nationally accredited law schools have had dean turnover, which experts say is a testament to  how difficult and demanding the job is.

And in recent years, the job has gotten harder, with enrollment, tuition revenue and bar passage rates all dropping. The average tenure of deans is now about 3.5 years, compared to decades'long tenures of deans past, according to Werner Boel of consulting firm Witt/Kieffer. [I have served as Dean only 1.8 years, and I am already more senior than 61 other law school deans.] Contracts tend to be four or five years, and there's a high rate of burnout, due largely to the grueling demands of the job, said Mike Spivey, founder of Spivey Consulting. ...

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March 22, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Thursday, March 21, 2019

WSJ: When Should 'Gladiatorial Leadership' Be Tolerated (Or Even Encouraged)?

WalkerWall Street Journal op-ed:  Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Boss?, by Sam Walker (author, The Captain Class: The Hidden Force That Creates the World’s Greatest Teams (2018)):

Former aides claim the Minnesota senator [Amy Klobuchar] is a difficult boss. But are we too tough on tough leaders?

In a five-year period from 2014 to 2018, according to, Sen. Klobuchar’s allegedly browbeaten staff helped her co-sponsor 1,967 bills—more than any other senator except Connecticut’s Richard Blumenthal. Another study, conducted in 2016, ranked her No. 1 in the Senate in lending her name to bills that were enacted into law. Perhaps her former staffers wouldn’t have become so disgruntled if they’d gotten more sleep.

Another factor that hasn’t been thoroughly explored is something Sen. Klobuchar flicked at on CNN. Before winning her first election in 1998, she spent 14 years in the private sector managing teams at law firms. If she learned about leadership in a rough-and-tumble corporate performance culture, it’s probably safe to assume that she runs her Senate shop a bit differently than a career politician.

Most young Senate staffers don’t arrive on Capitol Hill with vast experience inside hard-driving businesses. In that context, I’m not sure a boss who once ripped her staff for giving her a salad to eat on a plane without a fork, as the New York Times reported, or remarked one day at the Capitol that she’d happily trade three of them for a bottle of water, would seem unusual enough to single out. ...

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March 21, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (2)

2020 U.S. News International Law Rankings

6a00d8341c4eab53ef0240a490199b200b-250wiThe new 2020 U.S. News International Law Rankings include the international law programs at 186 law schools (the faculty survey had a 44% response rate). Here are the Top 50:

Rank Score School
1 4.8 NYU
2 4.5 Harvard
3 4.4 Columbia
4 4.3 Yale
5 4.2 George Washington
5 4.2 Georgetown
5 4.2 Michigan
8 4.1 Duke
9 4.0 American
10 3.9 UC-Berkeley
10 3.9 Virginia
12 3.8 Stanford
13 3.7 Cornell
14 3.6 Pennsylvania
14 3.6 UCLA
16 3.5 Chicago
16 3.5 Texas
16 3.5 Vanderbilt
19 3.4 Case Western
19 3.4 Fordham
19 3.4 Georgia
19 3.4 Temple
19 3.4 Washington Univ.
24 3.3 Minnesota
24 3.3 Northwestern
24 3.3 Notre Dame
27 3.1 Arizona State
27 3.1 Indiana (Maurer)
27 3.1 UC-Davis
27 3.1 Wisconsin
31 3.0 Boston College
31 3.0 Boston University
31 3.0 Emory
31 3.0 Miami
31 3.0 Tulane
31 3.0 UC-Hastings
31 3.0 UC-Irvine
38 2.9 Pacific
38 2.9 Washington & Lee
40 2.8 Denver
40 2.8 Iowa
40 2.8 Santa Clara
40 2.8 Univ. of Washington
40 2.8 William & Mary
45 2.7 Colorado
45 2.7 Illinois
45 2.7 Pittsburgh
48 2.6 Arizona
48 2.6 Cardozo
48 2.6 North Carolina
48 2.6 Ohio State
48 2.6 San Diego
48 2.6 USC

As I blogged last fall, U.S. News has dramatically changed their ranking of nine law school specialty programs:

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March 21, 2019 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

March Madness Law School Bracket

Here is the March Madness Law School Bracket, with outcomes determined by the 2020 U.S. News Law School Rankings (using academic peer reputation as the tiebreaker). The Final Four are Yale (1), Virginia (8), Michigan (9), and North Carolina (34), with Yale beating Virginia in the championship game.

March madness

March 21, 2019 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (2)

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

University Of Akron Excludes Law School ('Strategic Investment Area') From Buy-Outs Offered To 47% Of Faculty, University of Akron Offers Buy-Out to 47 Percent of Faculty:

The University of Akron offered a buy-out to about 47 percent of faculty on Monday in an effort to balance its budget.

Taking a “voluntary separation or retirement" offer would pay a faculty member 100 percent of 2019-20 base pay, split into two installments. The employee would leave the university on May 31, 2020. The first payment would come on July 2020, the second in January of 2021.

The offer is to full-time permanent (non-visiting) faculty who are not in what the university calls a “Strategic Investment Area.” No law school, polymer science, or engineering faculty can take the offer. UA spokesman Wayne Hill wrote in an email about 47 percent of faculty, or 340 people, are eligible. ...

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March 20, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

3rd Circuit Upholds University Of Pittsburgh's Right To Cut Tenured Prof's Salary By 20% Due To Poor Student Evaluations, 'Stagnant' Research Agenda

PittPenn Live, Pa. University Can Give Long-Serving Professor a 20 Percent Pay Cut, Federal Court Says:

The University of Pittsburgh can impose a 20 percent salary cut on a long-tenured grad school professor whose performance was consistently rated substandard, a federal appeals court ruled Thursday [McKinney v. University of Pittsburgh, No. 17-3084 (Feb. 14, 2019)]

The decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit overturns a U.S. Western District Court judge’s order that restored the pay of Prof. Jerome McKinney.

The appeals court, in an opinion by Judge Cheryl N. Krause, found the university can pare McKinney’s pay because the prof has no constitutionally protected “property interest” in any specific salary level.

McKinney joined the university faculty in 1970 as a professor of public administration. He said in his lawsuit that he was the only black member of the faculty for the university’s graduate school of public and international affairs. His salary increases between 2006 and 2013 were “substantially smaller” percentage-wise than those granted white faculty members, he contended. ...

Krause concluded nothing in McKinney’s employment contract guarantees him a specific salary level. The university has a merit system for determining faculty raises and McKinney “did not fare well” in those reviews starting in 2010, Krause wrote. She cited claims by the university that enrollments in McKinney’s classes declined and that he received poor student evaluations and had a “stagnant” research agenda. There was no improvement even though university officials said they repeatedly warned McKinney that his performance was subpar, the circuit judge noted.

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March 20, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (7)

Sichelman: A Defense And Explanation Of The U.S. News 'Citation' Ranking

SichelmanTaxProf Blog op-ed: A Defense and Explanation of the U.S. News “Citation” Ranking, by Ted Sichelman (San Diego):

Since U.S. News & World Report released its plans to rank law schools on the basis of citation counts, the blogosphere has been agog in criticism of the proposed ranking (e.g., here, here, here, and here). Unfortunately, much of the consternation is based on pure speculation as to how the ranking will be constructed, resulting in an echo chamber of misinformation that has now led some law school deans to consider a “boycott” of the rankings. At the same time, other critics bemoan yet another quantitative metric to “rank” law schools, buttressed by concerns that a ranking based on faculty citations will do little to aid would-be law students focused on teaching quality and jobs.

Here, I attempt to clear the air by dispelling this misinformation and by offering a brief defense of the proposed ranking. As background, I have been constructing a similar ranking with Paul Heald (at Illinois), using in part much of the same HeinOnline data that will be used for the U.S. News ranking. Additionally, I have been providing substantial input to Hein on its citation metrics. As such, I am intimately familiar not only with the limitations (and substantial benefits) of the HeinOnline database, but also of constructing such a ranking more generally. With that background, I address the major arguments lodged against U.S. News’s proposal in turn.

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March 20, 2019 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (17)

2020 U.S. News Intellectual Property Law Rankings

6a00d8341c4eab53ef0240a490199b200b-250wiThe new 2020 U.S. News Intellectual Property Law Rankings include the intellectual property law programs at 190 law schools (the faculty survey had a 55% response rate). Here are the Top 50:

Rank Score School
1 4.7 Stanford
1 4.7 UC-Berkeley
3 4.2 NYU
4 4.1 Santa Clara
5 3.9 George Washington
5 3.9 New Hampshire
7 3.8 Houston
8 3.6 American
8 3.6 Boston University
8 3.6 Duke
8 3.6 Pennsylvania
8 3.6 Texas A&M
13 3.5 Cardozo
13 3.5 Chicago-Kent
13 3.5 Georgetown
13 3.5 Michigan
13 3.5 Univ. of Washington
18 3.4 Northwestern
19 3.3 Columbia
19 3.3 Harvard
19 3.3 San Diego
19 3.3 Texas
19 3.3 UC-Irvine
19 3.3 UCLA
25 3.2 Indiana (Maurer)
25 3.2 Notre Dame
27 3.1 Emory
27 3.1 Fordham
27 3.1 Loyola-L.A.
27 3.1 Vanderbilt
27 3.1 Virginia
32 3.0 Chicago
32 3.0 Colorado
32 3.0 DePaul
32 3.0 George Mason
32 3.0 Richmond
32 3.0 UC-Davis
38 2.9 Boston College
38 2.9 Minnesota
38 2.9 William & Mary
41 2.8 Akron
41 2.8 Case Western
41 2.8 John Marshall (IL)
41 2.8 North Carolina
41 2.8 Northeastern
41 2.8 Ohio State
41 2.8 Washington Univ.
48 2.7 Cornell
48 2.7 Illinois
48 2.7 Loyola-Chicago
48 2.7 Suffolk
48 2.7 UC-Hastings

As I blogged last fall, U.S. News has dramatically changed their ranking of nine law school specialty programs:

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March 20, 2019 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Amal Clooney And Me

ClooneyI was happy that a student bid $100 at our public interest law fundraising auction for dinner for four with my wife and me.  Until I read this:  New York Daily News Page Six, Law Student Bids $8K For Lunch With Amal Clooney at Columbia Auction:

A Columbia law student will be sipping champagne with professor Amal Clooney at Jean-Georges for the low price of $8,100. According to sources, one of the items up for bid at Columbia Law School’s Public Interest Law Foundation auction on Thursday was lunch at the swanky French eatery with Clooney and human rights professor Sarah Cleveland. ...

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March 20, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (4)

Akhil Amar: Be Skeptical Of Law School Rankings (Even Though Yale Is #1 Every Year, It May Not Be Right For Those Wanting To Practice In SoCal)

U.S. News 2019Los Angeles Times op-ed:  Be Skeptical of Law School and Other College Rankings. Very Skeptical., by Akhil Reed Amar (Yale):

The news held no surprises. When U.S. News & World Report released its much-anticipated annual rankings of graduate and professional schools last week, Yale once again ranked No. 1 among law schools, a spot it has held since 1987, when the news magazine first entered the law-school ranking business.

But Yale, which is both my alma mater and my longtime employer, is not No. 1 in all respects. Prospective law students should treat the U.S. News rankings — and any other ranking system, for that matter — with caution and skepticism.

Rankings can be helpful in a crude first analysis, if used as one among many tools for prospective students. But the U.S. News rankings have serious limitations, relying as they do on debatable and sometimes perverse weights and formulas. ...

The U.S. News rankings can also make applicants feel that only the tippy-top schools are worth attending, but there are lots of strong schools beyond the top three (Yale, Stanford, Harvard) — or even the top 30. Some regional schools are particularly good at familiarizing students with state law and state court systems and preparing them for leadership in state government and local hubs of national law firms. ...

I have benefited personally from the system. The maiden law-school rankings issue of U.S. News in 1987 featured a large and flattering picture of me in the classroom. For most of the last decade, I have been closely involved in admitting and recruiting Yale’s top prospective students. Thanks to U.S. News, most recruits need little persuasion; we have them at “hello.” So my grapes are not sour and my gripes are not self-serving. 

But here is some truth in advertising. Yes, Yale has some strong pluses. ... But we have real flaws.

We have failed to achieve true intellectual diversity; our litigation clinics tilt left, and in my field, constitutional law, we need more top conservative professors. Several other schools do a better job populating the top tier of the private bar (“Biglaw”). Because we are small, our curriculum is at times spotty. Some Los Angeles schools, especially the sometimes underappreciated UCLA (ranked 15th), may be a better and more affordable fit for those intending to practice in Southern California. ...

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March 20, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (3)

Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Female Economists Report Rampant Sexual Harassment And Gender Discrimination

AEA LogoFollowing up on my previous posts:

A new survey and accompanying letter from the American Economic Association reveal rampant sexual harassment and gender and racial discrimination in the economics profession.

March 19, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (3)

Law School Rankings: Incentives, Culture, And Change In Legal Education

U.S. News Law (2019)Caleb N. Griffin (Regent), Incentives, Culture, and Change in American Legal Education, 87 U. Cin. L. Rev. 325 (2018):

In theory, law school rankings merely describe law schools as they are, providing basic details about each school that may be relevant to prospective law students. In practice, however, law school rankings have a tremendous influence on law students and the legal profession. For better or for worse, the rank of a given student’s school will often have a substantial impact on the arc of his or her legal career.

Rankings also have a tremendous influence on law schools themselves. One source of this influence is that a high ranking draws strong candidates, and strong candidates reinforce the high ranking. This phenomenon of self-reinforcement has the effect of cementing law schools in a relatively static position and obscuring important changes relevant to prospective students and legal employers.

But is this a problem? The status quo might be acceptable if law school rankings were based solely on objective data that measured factors in a way that was truly reflective of the needs of students, legal employers, and society at large. Such an ideal ranking would provide a useful service for prospective students, and it would incentivize law schools to engage in socially beneficial behavior.

This Article sets out to explore what factors ought to be used in an ideal ranking system.

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March 19, 2019 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education, Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (1)

2020 U.S. News Health Care Law Rankings

6a00d8341c4eab53ef0240a490199b200b-250wiThe new 2020 U.S. News Health Care Law Rankings include the health care law programs at 129 law schools (the faculty survey had a 52% response rate). Here are the Top 50:

Rank Score School
1 4.5 St. Louis
2 4.3 Georgia State
2 4.3 Loyola-Chicago
4 4.2 Boston University
5 4.1 Harvard
6 4.0 Georgetown
6 4.0 Houston
6 4.0 Maryland
9 3.9 Case Western
9 3.9 Northeastern
11 3.7 Indiana (McKinney)
11 3.7 Seton Hall
11 3.7 Stanford
11 3.7 UC-Hastings
15 3.5 American
16 3.4 Arizona State
16 3.4 Duke
16 3.4 Temple
16 3.4 Yale
20 3.3 Pennsylvania
21 3.2 Mitchell Hamline
21 3.2 Wake Forest
23 3.1 DePaul
23 3.1 Drexel
23 3.1 Michigan
23 3.1 Minnesota
27 3.0 Arizona
27 3.0 North Carolina
27 3.0 Ohio State
27 3.0 Pittsburgh
27 3.0 Virginia
32 2.9 George Washington
32 2.9 Texas
32 2.9 Washington Univ.
32 2.9 Wisconsin
36 2.8 Emory
36 2.8 UCLA
36 2.8 Univ. of Washington
36 2.8 UNLV
36 2.8 Utah
36 2.8 Vanderbilt
42 2.7 Georgia
42 2.7 Washington & Lee
44 2.6 Quinnipiac
44 2.6 UC-Berkeley
44 2.6 UC-Irvine
47 2.5 Chicago
47 2.5 Columbia
47 2.5 Indiana (Maurer)
47 2.5 Louisville
47 2.5 USC

As I blogged last fall, U.S. News has dramatically changed their ranking of nine law school specialty programs:

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March 19, 2019 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Digital Pro Bono: Leveraging Technology To Provide Access To Justice

Kathleen Elliott Vinson (Suffolk) & Samantha A. Moppett (Suffolk), Digital Pro Bono: Leveraging Technology to Provide Access to Justice, 92 St. John's L. Rev. 551 (2018):

I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

Sound familiar? Although we pledge this when we stand in front of the American flag, hands over our hearts, all people do not have access to justice in the United States. While individuals have the constitutional right to legal assistance in criminal cases, the same does not hold true for civil matters. Low-income Americans are unable to gain access to meaningful help for basic legal needs. Although legal aid organizations exist to help low-income Americans who cannot afford legal representation, the resources available are insufficient to meet current civil legal needs. Studies show more than 80 percent of the legal needs of low-income Americans go unaddressed every year.

This article examines how law students, law schools, the legal profession, legal services' agencies, and low-income individuals who need assistance, all have a shared interest—access to justice—and can work together to reach the elusive goal in the Pledge of Allegiance of "justice for all."

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March 19, 2019 in Legal Education, Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, March 18, 2019

Washburn Law School Launches Third Year Anywhere Enrollment Option

Washburn Law Launching Third Year Anywhere Enrollment Option:

Law students who are admitted fall 2019 or later will have the opportunity to complete their final year of law school through the innovative Third Year Anywhere enrollment option. Students who participate in this option will increase their practice-readiness by completing an externship in the geographic area where they plan to practice after graduation.

Students will earn academic credit while gaining real-world experience practicing law under the supervision of a licensed lawyer 20 hours per week in one of six sectors: corporate, government, higher education, judicial, law firm, or public interest. Opportunities also exist for students to participate in an externship in underserved rural locations.

Third year coursework will be completed through substantive online law courses, including a course in Law Practice Competencies which will teach students successful project management skills, how to use legal technology, how to read financial statements, and other competencies essential for successful law practice.

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March 18, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Law School Rankings By Attractiveness To Students (25/50/75 LSAT/UGPA, Transfers In/Out)

CJ Ryan (Roger Williams) & Brian L. Frye (Kentucky), The 2019 Revealed-Preferences Ranking of Law Schools:

In 2017, we published A Revealed-Preferences Ranking of Law Schools, which presented the first (intentionally) objective ranking of law schools. Other law school rankings are subjective because their purpose is to tell prospective law students where to matriculate. Our “revealed-preferences” ranking is objective because its purpose is to ask where prospective law students actually choose to matriculate. In other words, subjective rankings tell students what they should want, but our objective ranking reveals what students actually want. These rankings were originally based on an average of the previous five-years of LSAT and GPA quartile and median averages for law schools. We updated these rankings with a 2018 ranking that focused exclusively on the 75th, median, and 25th quartiles of each of these measures for the entering class in Fall 2017. We have modified our rankings yet again to evaluate law schools based not only on their success at matriculating the most desirable first year law students, but also on their success at retaining those students and attracting transfer students.

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March 18, 2019 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education, Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (3)

2020 U.S. News Environmental Law Rankings

6a00d8341c4eab53ef0240a490199b200b-250wiThe new 2020 U.S. News Environmental Law Rankings include the environmental law programs at 183 law schools (the faculty survey had a 55% response rate). Here are the Top 50:

Rank Score School
1 4.5 Lewis & Clark
1 4.5 Pace
3 4.4 UC-Berkeley
4 4.3 UCLA
4 4.3 Vermont
6 4.1 Columbia
6 4.1 Harvard
8 4.0 Colorado
8 4.0 Georgetown
8 4.0 NYU
8 4.0 Oregon
8 4.0 Utah
13 3.9 Duke
13 3.9 Maryland
13 3.9 Vanderbilt
16 3.8 George Washington
16 3.8 Stanford
16 3.8 Tulane
19 3.7 Denver
19 3.7 Florida State
21 3.5 Arizona State
21 3.5 Florida
21 3.5 Houston
24 3.4 UC-Davis
24 3.4 Virginia
24 3.4 Yale
27 3.3 Boston College
27 3.3 Minnesota
27 3.3 Texas
30 3.2 Hawaii
30 3.2 Indiana (Maurer)
30 3.2 UC-Hastings
30 3.2 UC-Irvine
30 3.2 Univ. of Washington
35 3.1 Michigan
36 3.0 American
36 3.0 Arizona
36 3.0 William & Mary
39 2.9 Montana
39 2.9 Pennsylvania
41 2.8 BYU
41 2.8 Cornell
41 2.8 CUNY
41 2.8 Fordham
41 2.8 Loyola-New Orleans
41 2.8 North Carolina
41 2.8 Northwestern
41 2.8 Notre Dame
41 2.8 Widener (DE)
50 2.7 Emory
50 2.7 Idaho
50 2.7 Illinois
50 2.7 New Mexico
50 2.7 South Carolina
50 2.7 Wake Forest
50 2.7 Washington Univ.

As I blogged last fall, U.S. News has dramatically changed their ranking of nine law school specialty programs:

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March 18, 2019 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

TaxProf Blog Weekend Roundup

Sunday, March 17, 2019

Can Christian Conservatives Transform Law Through Legal Education?

ALRJoshua C. Wilson (Denver) & Amanda Hollis‐Brusky (Pomona), Higher Law: Can Christian Conservatives Transform Law Through Legal Education?, 52 Law & Soc'y Rev. 835 (2018) (more here):

The allure of law schools as transformative institutions in the United States prompted Christian Right leaders to invest in legal education in the 1990s and early 2000s. The aspiration was to control the training of lawyers in order to challenge the secular legal monopoly on law, policy, and culture. In this article, we examine three leading Christian conservative law schools [Ave Maria, Liberty, Regent] and one training program [Blackstone] dedicated to transforming the law. We ask how each institution seeks to realize its transformative mission and analyze how they organize themselves to produce the kinds of capital (human, intellectual, social, cultural) needed to effectively change the law. To do so, we develop a typology of legal institution‐building strategies (infiltration, supplemental, and parallel alternative) to compare the relative advantages and disadvantages of institutional forms.

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March 17, 2019 in Legal Education, Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

Simkovic: At Yale, The Federalist Society Loses Friends And Alienates People

Following up on my previous post, I Thought I Could Be A Christian At Yale Law School. I Was Wrong.:  Michael Simkovic (USC), At Yale, the Federalist Society Loses Friends and Alienates People:

Although most Christians—especially young and highly educated Christians—favor greater acceptance of gays, a leader of the Federalist Society claimed that by inviting the anti-gay group he was simply “attempting to be a Christian at Yale Law School.”

The numerous Christian groups that are active at Yale did not band together to invite to campus a group that has advocated criminal prosecution of homosexuals.  That decision was the sole prerogative of the Federalist Society or some of its members. ...

The entire unfortunate turn of events could have been avoided if the Federalist Society vetted its speakers more carefully and favored substance over shock value.  There are plenty of other highly capable lawyers who can argue effectively for religious freedom in situations that challenge progressive views of gay rights, and who are not associated with any actual or suspected hate groups. ...

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March 17, 2019 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (4)

Saturday, March 16, 2019

This Week's Ten Most Popular TaxProf Blog Posts