Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Stacie LaPlante (Wisconsin), The Effect of Intellectual Property Boxes on Innovative Activity & Effective Tax Rates (with Tobias Bornemann (Vienna University of Economics and Business) & Benjamin Osswald (Wisconsin)) at NYU today as part of its Tax Policy Colloquium Series hosted by Lily Batchelder and Daniel Shaviro:
We investigate whether and to what extent the adoption of an intellectual property box increases innovative activity and the extent to which different types of firms benefit financially. We examine the adoption of the intellectual property box in Belgium because it allows us to cleanly identify the impact on innovative activity and effective tax rates. Our results indicate an overall increase in innovative activity as proxied by patent applications, grants, and highly-skilled employment, at the expense of patent quality. We also provide evidence that firms with patents on average enjoy 7.2% to 7.9% lower effective tax rates, with the greatest financial benefits accruing to multinational firms compared to domestic firms
Within multinational firms, those without income shifting opportunities appear to benefit more than other multinationals with income shifting opportunities.