Wall Street Journal, SAT to Give Students ‘Adversity Score’ to Capture Social and Economic Background:
The College Board plans to assign an adversity score to every student who takes the SAT to try to capture their social and economic background, jumping into the debate raging over race and class in college admissions.
This new number, called an adversity score by college admissions officers, is calculated using 15 factors including the crime rate and poverty levels from the student’s high school and neighborhood. Students won’t be told the scores, but colleges will see the numbers when reviewing their applications.
Fifty colleges used the score last year as part of a beta test. The College Board plans to expand it to 150 institutions this fall, and then use it broadly the following year.
How colleges consider a student’s race and class in making admissions decisions is hotly contested. ...
The College Board, the New York based nonprofit that oversees the SAT, said it has worried about income inequality influencing test results for years. White students scored an average of 177 points higher than black students and 133 points higher than Hispanic students in 2018 results. Asian students scored 100 points higher than white students. The children of wealthy and college-educated parents outperformed their classmates. ...
An adversity score of 50 is average. Anything above it designates hardship, below it privilege. ...
The College Board declined to say how it calculates the adversity score or weighs the factors that go into it. The data that informs the score comes from public records such as the U.S. Census as well as some sources proprietary to the College Board.
The College Board began developing the tool in 2015 because colleges were asking for more objective data on students’ backgrounds, said Ms. Betterton. Several college admissions officers said they worry the Supreme Court may disallow race-based affirmative action. If that happens, the value of the tool would rise, they said.
“The purpose is to get to race without using race,” said Anthony Carnevale, director of Georgetown University’s Center on Education and the Workforce.
Inside Higher Ed, New SAT Score: Adversity:
- The Atlantic, The Problem With the SAT’s Idea of Objectivity
- Bloomberg, College Board to Consider Sharing ‘Adversity Score’ With Pupils
- Brookings Institution, Students Need More Than an SAT Adversity Score, They Need a Boost in Wealth
- Chronicle of Higher Education, Why Are SAT Takers Getting an ‘Adversity Score’? Here’s Some Context.
- The Federalist, College Board To Juke SAT Test Scores To Reflect Student ‘Privilege’
- Forbes, The Real Story Behind The College Board's SAT Adversity Score
- New York Times, SAT Adversity Index: A Drive Toward Diversity Without Discussing Race
- New York Times, SAT’s New ‘Adversity Score’ Will Take Students’ Hardships Into Account
- New York Times, Your Questions about the New Adversity Score on the SAT, Answered
- New York Times op-ed (Thomas Chatterton Williams), The SAT’s Bogus ‘Adversity Score’: Are We Really Going to Rank Students on a One-to-100 Pseudoscientific Index of Oppression?