Following up on last week's posts:
Inside Higher Ed, New Research Shows Extent of Gender Gap in Citations:
Research into the gendered citation patterns of academics has confirmed what many have long suspected — that male authors tend to cite other men over women in their article bibliographies. But such underlying biases can apply even in a journal with a majority of female authors, and may spread to papers co-authored by women with men, the work suggests.
Analyzing every article published across three political science journals and three social science methodology journals between 2007 and the end of 2016, researchers from McMaster University in Canada and the Universities of Iowa and Minnesota matched up the gender of the authors to the gender of the researchers who produced each study cited in their bibliographies, using the analytical tool genderizeR.
In this way, they were able to determine the “gender gap in citations” in articles by women and men, as well as those co-authored by women and men.
The goal of the project, according to Sara Mitchell, professor of political methodology at Iowa and co-author of Gendered Citation Patterns Across Political Science and Social Science Methodology Fields, published in Political Analysis, was to analyze how the overall representation of women in a research field influences the gender citation gap.
Comparisons were also made between different subject disciplines to determine whether a higher representation of women in one area might help to close the gender gap in citation practices.
“The least surprising aspect of our findings was the confirmation of our earlier analyses showing a gender gap in citations, with men citing work by men significantly more often than work by women,” Mitchell told Times Higher Education. ...
Although the underrepresentation of women in some fields will play a factor in the number of times they are cited, Mitchell said, “implicit biases may influence citation practices by scholars in the social sciences."
“Even though female scholars represent a higher percentage of scholars in these fields today than in the past, women’s research is still less likely to be cited than their male peers’ research. This has important implications for tenure and promotion cases, salaries, awards, invitations to give talks [and so on],” she warned.
But there is good news: the findings have already influenced one journal, International Studies Review, to start analyzing the percentage of women cited in its papers, giving authors 100 extra words to explain any citation gap.
Of the 19 Tax Profs among the 10-most cited faculty at the Top 68 law schools, 14 (74%) are men and 5 (26%) are women.