TaxProf Blog

Editor: Paul L. Caron, Dean
Pepperdine University School of Law

Tuesday, January 23, 2018

Herzig: The Income Equality Case For Eliminating The Estate Tax

David J. Herzig (Valparaiso), The Income Equality Case for Eliminating the Estate Tax, 90 S. Cal. L. Rev. 1143 (2017):

The estate tax and income tax rules independently attempt to either promote or deter different behaviors. The interaction of these different rules often leads to disparate or unintended consequences to taxpayers: for example, achieving an overall lower effective tax rate by paying more estate tax to lower the income tax rate. This overlay of the estate tax rules on the income tax rules is a key problem at the core of our tax system. Yet, few scholars focus on this topic.

In this Article, I document the actual behavior of the trust and estate bar. By looking at how attorneys approach the intersection of estate and income taxes, I demonstrate deficiencies in the current scholarly belief, which is based largely on anecdotal information, that the wealthy have a preference for paying less or no estate tax. I show the real-world preferences that indicate wealthy taxpayers are paying high levels of estate tax to minimize the income tax incidents. After showing the shift of preferences and the resulting overall tax loss to the fisc, the Article then proposes useful policy solutions, such as elimination of the estate tax or using death as an income tax triggering event.

Scholarship, Tax | Permalink


Income equality is even desirable?

Posted by: ruralcounsel | Jan 24, 2018 4:17:56 AM

Thank you for ignoring progressive politics and pointing out the step up in basis probably costs far more in income tax than it generates in estate tax .

Posted by: Dale Spradling | Jan 24, 2018 7:40:04 AM

Abolish the estate tax and the step-up in basis. Treat inheritance exactly as a gift.

Posted by: brad | Jan 24, 2018 9:24:48 AM

Oops. I meant we should abolish the gift tax also and treat inheritance as a gift for income tax purposes. No realization event, no step up in basis.

Posted by: brad | Jan 24, 2018 9:26:45 AM