Thursday, August 11, 2016
Center for American Progress, Ending the Pass-Through Tax Loophole for Big Business:
In 2012, more than 100,000 big U.S. businesses managed to shelter billions of dollars of income in a single tax haven and pay no corporate income tax on it.
This tax haven is not Panama, Switzerland, or the Cayman Islands. In fact, it cannot even be found on a map—rather, it exists in the pages of the U.S. tax code. These businesses—with revenue of more than $10 million each—managed to pay no U.S. corporate income tax by pretending to be small businesses and thus saved their wealthy owners billions of dollars.
Most people think of big businesses as traditional corporations, which are organized under Subchapter C of the tax code and are supposed to pay the corporate income tax on their profits. But today many big businesses are organized as partnerships or S corporations, which are business forms that were originally designed for simpler or smaller businesses. The vast majority of partnerships and S corporations do not pay the corporate income tax. Instead, all of their income is passed through to their individual owners, who pay taxes on their individual income tax returns, thus avoiding the corporate income tax altogether.
The share of income going to businesses that use the pass-through form of organization—and therefore pay no corporate income tax—has exploded over the last 30 years, growing from less than 25 percent of net business income in 1980 to more than half in 2012. In fact, the United States is unique in this regard: No other country comes close to having such a large portion of business income that is not subject to the corporate income tax.
... Policymakers must enact reforms to curb the extent to which very large companies can use pass-through forms of organization. Businesses should be able to organize however they want in order to run their operations as efficiently as possible. But the arguments in favor of pass-through taxation for some types of businesses, especially partnerships, become very weak when these entities are huge businesses that use this organizational form to avoid paying billions of dollars in taxes—businesses that would be taxed as corporations if not for the big pass-through loophole.