Monday, September 14, 2009
Richard V. Burkhauser (Cornell University, Department of Policy Analysis & Management), Shuaizhang Feng (Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School and the Program in Science Technology and Environmental Policy), Stephen P. Jenkins (University of Essex, Institute for Social and Economic Research) & Jeff Larrimore (Cornell University, Department of Economics) have posted Recent Trends in Top Income Shares in the USA: Reconciling Estimates from March CPS and IRS Tax Return Data on NBER. Here is the abstract:
Although the vast majority of U.S. research on trends in the inequality of family income is based on public-use March Current Population Survey (CPS) data, a new wave of research based on IRS tax return data reports substantially higher levels of inequality and faster growing trends. We show that these apparently inconsistent estimates can largely be reconciled once one uses internal CPS data (which better captures the top of the income distribution than public-use CPS data) and defines the income distribution in the same way. Using internal CPS data for 1967–2006, we closely match the IRS data-based estimates of top income shares reported by Piketty and Saez (2003), with the exception of the share of the top 1% of the distribution during 1993–2000. Our results imply that, if inequality has increased substantially since 1993, the increase is confined to income changes for those in the top 1% of the distribution.
(Hat Tip: Daniel Sokol.)