Paul L. Caron
Dean


Saturday, November 28, 2020

This Week's Ten Most Popular TaxProf Blog Posts

OECD: Taxation And Philanthropy

OECD, Taxation and Philanthropy (2020) (press release):

OECDThis report provides a detailed review of the tax treatment of philanthropic entities and philanthropic giving in 40 OECD member and participating countries. The report first examines the various arguments for and against the provision of preferential tax treatment for philanthropy. It then reviews the tax treatment of philanthropic entities and giving in the 40 participating countries, in both a domestic and cross-border context. Drawing on this analysis, the report then highlights a range of potential tax policy options for countries to consider.

Foreword
Executive Summary
1. Introduction
2. The case for providing tax concessions for philanthropy
3. The tax treatment of philanthropic entities
4. The tax treatment of giving
5. The tax treatment of cross-border philanthropy
6. Conclusions and policy options

Continue reading

November 28, 2020 in Tax, Tax Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

Akron's C.J. Peters Is Seventh Law School Dean To Give At Least $100,000 To Students

Press Release:

PetersTo help make an Akron Law degree even more affordable—and to honor the legacy of his late grandfather, a longtime Michigan trial judge—[Akron Dean Christopher J. (C.J.)] Peters has established the Judge Donald T. Anderson Endowed Scholarship for the benefit of Akron Law students. Peters said he hopes its recipients will be inspired, as he has been, by Judge Ander­son’s lifelong dedication to public service and concern for the practical impact of the law, particularly on society’s most vulnerable members.

Prior TaxProf Blog coverage:

Continue reading

November 28, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Czapanskiy: Tax Policy, Structured Settlements, And Factoring

Karen Czapanskiy (Maryland), Tax Policy, Structured Settlements and Factoring: Making Exploitation Easy and Profitable, 93 U. Detroit Mercy L. Rev. 455 (2020):

Secondary sales of streams of income payable under structured settlements of tort claims are such a disfavored transaction that Congress imposed a punitive 40 percent excise tax on them. These “factoring transactions” are disfavored because it is believed that payees are likely to be exploited, to dissipate the lump sum which is paid for the stream of income and to become dependent on taxpayers when payees become indigent as a result. Congress was also persuaded that state courts could keep an eye on the problems, however, so the 40 percent excise tax is excused if the transaction is approved by a state court in a proceeding under a state “Structured Settlement Protection Act” or SSPA.

Continue reading

November 28, 2020 in Scholarship, Tax | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, November 27, 2020

Weekly Legal Education Roundup

Tax Policy In The Trump Administration

Next Week's Virtual Tax Workshop

Tuesday, December 1: Erin Scharff (Arizona State) will present Revisiting Local Income Taxes virtually at NYU as part of its Tax Policy Colloquium Series. If you would like to attend, please contact Dan Shaviro.

Continue reading

November 27, 2020 in Colloquia, Tax, Tax Scholarship, Tax Workshops | Permalink | Comments (0)

The Future Of Law Schools: COVID-19, Technology, And Social Justice

Christian Sundquist (Albany), The Future of Law Schools: COVID-19, Technology, and Social Justice, 53 Conn. L. Rev. Online ___ (2020):

The COVID-19 pandemic has laid bare not only the social and racial inequities in society, but also the pedagogical and access to justice inequities embedded in the traditional legal curriculum. The need to re-envision the future of legal education existed well before the current pandemic, spurred by the shifting nature of legal practice as well as demographic and technological change. This article examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on legal education, and posits that the combined forces of the pandemic, social justice awareness and technological disruption will forever transform the future of both legal education and practice.

Continue reading

November 27, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, November 26, 2020

WKRP In Cincinnati Thanksgiving Turkey Drop

NRA Reports Misspending By Executives To IRS

Washington Post, NRA Reports Alleged Misspending by Current and Former Executives to IRS:

NRA Logo (2019)After years of denying allegations of lax financial oversight, the National Rifle Association has made a stunning declaration in a new tax filing: Current and former executives used the nonprofit group’s money for personal benefit and enrichment.

The NRA said in the filing that it continues to review the alleged abuse of funds, as the tax-exempt organization curtails services and runs up multimillion-dollar legal bills. The assertion of impropriety comes four months after the attorney general of New York state filed a lawsuit accusing NRA chief executive Wayne LaPierre and other top executives of using NRA funds for decades to provide inflated salaries and expense accounts.

The tax return, which The Washington Post obtained from the organization, says the NRA “became aware during 2019 of a significant diversion of its assets.” The 2019 filing states that LaPierre and five former executives received “excess benefits,” a term the IRS uses to describe executives’ enriching themselves at the expense of a nonprofit entity.

Continue reading

November 26, 2020 in Tax, Tax News | Permalink | Comments (0)

In High Court Appeal, Ex-Student Alleges Texas Law School's Cheating Scandal Caused His Bad Grades, Dismissal

Texas Lawyer, In High Court Appeal, Ex-Law Student Alleges Texas Law School's Cheating Scandal Caused His Bad Grades, Dismissal:

When justices on the Texas Supreme Court return from Thanksgiving break, one of the first cases they’ll hear asks if an aspiring lawyer can sue for due-process violations because his law school dismissed him for getting poor grades.

But the law student argues there’s more to it, since the case also involves allegations of a cheating scandal where a professor gave students copies of exam questions, details of an investigation by the law school, and claims that the exam fiasco made the plaintiff fail by giving other students an unfair advantage.

The high court previously allowed a law student to claim constitutional violations for his disciplinary dismissal, and this new dispute between former first-year student Ivan Villarreal and Texas Southern University Thurgood Marshall School of Law in Houston asks whether the same cause of action is open to a student who got dismissed for academic reasons.

Continue reading

November 26, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Modern Call For A Renewed Commitment To Charitable Giving

Joey Bloodworth (J.D. 2020, USC), Note, Charity for All: A Modern Call for a Renewed Commitment to Charitable Giving, 93 S. Cal. L. Rev. 273 (2020):

This Note will center on the TCJA’s unpopularity, the charitable contribution deduction, and the adverse effect the TCJA is projected to have on charitable giving. It will conclude that now is an optimal time to expand the charitable contribution deduction. The expansion of the charitable contribution deduction would likely be popular for many of the same reasons that the TCJA is currently unpopular. The proposed expansion will also address some of the problems with charitable giving created or exacerbated by the TCJA. ...

Continue reading

November 26, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Scholarship, Tax, Tax Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, November 25, 2020

Oei & Osofsky: The Making Of The § 199A Regulations

Shu-Yi Oei (Boston College) & Leigh Osofsky (North Carolina), Legislation and Comment: The Making of the § 199A Regulations, 69 Emory L.J. 209 (2019):

In 2017, Congress passed major tax legislation at warp speed. After enactment, it fell to the Treasury Department to write regulations clarifying and implementing the new law. To assure democratic legitimacy in making regulations, administrative law provides that an agency must issue a notice of proposed rulemaking, followed by an opportunity for the public to comment (socalled “notice and comment”). But, after the 2017 tax overhaul, many sophisticated actors did not wait until the issuance of a notice of proposed rulemaking to comment, instead going to the Treasury Department immediately with comments designed to influence the regulations.

In this Article, we examine empirically this phenomenon of post-enactment commenting by studying the making of the Internal Revenue Code Section 199A regulations—some of the most important regulations implementing the 2017 tax reform.

Continue reading

November 25, 2020 in Scholarship, Tax, Tax Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (1)

It Is Time To Eliminate The Federal Corporate Income Tax

Edward Lane (Albany) & L. Randall Wray (UMKC), Is It Time to Eliminate Federal Corporate Income Taxes?:

As the nation is experiencing the need for ever-increasing government expenditures to address COVID-19 disruptions, rebuild the nation’s infrastructure, and many other worthy causes, conventional thinking calls for restoring at least a portion corporate taxes eliminated by the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, especially from progressive circles. In this working paper, Edward Lane and L. Randall Wray examine who really pays the corporate income tax and argue that it does not serve the purposes most people believe.

AUMKC2

Continue reading

November 25, 2020 in Scholarship, Tax, Tax Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

Law Grad Who Twice Failed Florida Bar Exam Gets Four Years In Prison For Setting Up Fake Law Firm

Tampa Bay Times, Fake Tampa Lawyer Gets Four Years in Prison For Fraud, Identity Theft:

A woman who posed as an attorney even though she never passed the Bar exam, misleading judges and clients and running up bills in the name of a friend, will spend more than four years in prison, a federal judge decided Wednesday.

Roberta Guedes must serve 4 1/2 years in federal prison, followed by three years of supervised release. Senior U.S. District Judge James S. Moody Jr. also ordered Guedes to undergo mental health treatment and to pay $14,318 in restitution.

Continue reading

November 25, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Big Law Avoids ‘Lost Generation’ With Remote First-Year Programs

Bloomberg Law, Big Law Avoids ‘Lost Generation’ with Remote First-Year Programs:

In the past six months, Grace Fernandez graduated from Berkeley Law, took the California bar exam, and started a new job as an associate at Fenwick & West.

She did it all from her childhood bedroom in Phoenix.

“It’s definitely a surreal and unexpected change,” Fernandez said.

Fernandez’s experience isn’t unusual, as Fenwick is one of several Big Law firms to use online communications to bring on their newest batch of associates this fall. Other firms have opted to hold off first-year start dates until early 2021.

That doesn’t mean it’s been easy for human resources departments to integrate first-years, who are often fresh out of law school like Fernandez, into firms’ practices.

Continue reading

November 25, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

ABA Permits Law Schools To Use Pandemic As Excuse For Failing 75% Within 2 Years Bar Passage Accreditation Standard

At its meeting last Friday, the Council of the ABA’s Section of Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar approved the following accreditation standard changes:

ABA Logo (2016)Law schools are normally required to submit their annual Bar Passage Questionnaires each February. Publication of certain information from the Bar Passage Questionnaires is published a few weeks after the deadline. The 2021 Bar Passage Questionnaire is due in February 2021, but changes in the timing and format of many July 2020 Bar Exams, expanded diploma privilege, and limits on the number of graduates who could sit for the bar exam in certain states, as well as the impacts of COVID-19 and recent racial reckonings on minority groups, required the Committee to consider changes in law school reporting for the 2021 Bar Passage Questionnaire. As such, the Committee makes the following recommendations to the Council.

  1. Law Schools will complete the 2021 Bar Passage Questionnaire in the same manner they have done so for the last several years. There will be two main changes
    a. Law schools must specifically report the number of graduates admitted to practice via diploma privilege.
    b. There will be two bar passage rates reported. One will include just those graduates who took the bar exam and the other will include graduates who took the bar exam plus those that were admitted via diploma privilege.
  2.  Standard 316 will not be suspended.
    a. A Law School that believes certain circumstances related to the COVID-19 pandemic have negatively impacted opportunities for its graduates to sit for the bar exam or its compliance with Standard 316’s two-year bar passage rate will be permitted to share specific information with the Council for the Council’s consideration in determining compliance.
  3. The Managing Director’s Office will have discretion to move the Bar Passage Questionnaire deadline from February to April if the timing of the publication of bar exam results from various states makes it challenging for law schools to collect and accurately report bar passage information by the normal February deadline.4
  4. The Committee also recommends the Council approve the attached Bar Passage
    Questionnaire. This questionnaire incorporates Recommendation #1, and
    Recommendations #2 and #3 can be communicated to law schools by the Managing
    Director’s Office. 

The Council also approved several changes to the teach-out plans of law schools placed on probation:

Continue reading

November 25, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

UNC Professor Patricia Bryan Eases Into Retirement

Professor Patricia Bryan Eases Into Retirement:

Bryan UNC 3As Professor Patricia Bryan eases into her retirement, we wanted to look back on her illustrious career.

Bryan joined the Carolina Law faculty in 1982 and serves as the Henry P. Brandis Distinguished Professor of Law. Her teaching and research interests include tax and law and literature. She is the author of Midnight Assassin: A Murder in America’s Heartland (Algonquin 2005, University of Iowa 2007) and the co-editor of Her America: "A Jury of Her Peers" and other Stories, a collection of stories by Susan Glaspell. Bryan has written and spoken extensively about Glaspell’s work. She has also done historical research into several criminal cases from the 19th century and has published articles about them in the Stanford Law Review and the Annals of Iowa. Most recently, she has researched and written about the federal tax exemption and public financing for sports stadiums.

Continue reading

November 25, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education, Tax, Tax News, Tax Prof Moves | Permalink | Comments (0)

Duke Receives An A+ In Handling Coronavirus

Los Angeles Times, Duke University Receives An A+ in Handling Coronavirus:

Duke (2020)Duke University is sometimes referred to as a pretty good knock-off of fancier schools farther north. But while those ivy-clad universities with smart students, prestigious medical schools and big endowments stayed closed this fall, Duke invited its freshmen, sophomores, some upperclassmen and all of its graduate students to its Durham, N.C., campus for largely in-person classes.

Now, it’s schooling those sniffier schools on how to reopen safely.

Starting Aug. 2 and continuing up to this week, when the Duke campus made a pre-planned reversion to online classes for the remainder of the semester, the university implemented a rigorous testing, tracking and surveillance program for more than 10,000 students. And it has carried out, on a grand scale, an innovative scheme — called pooled testing — that can stretch limited testing resources without forfeiting accuracy or resolution.

For Duke’s returning students, the result has been a relatively safe and almost normal return to learning, at a time when other colleges and universities either shuttered their campuses or ignited community outbreaks as they reopened with scant measures in place to detect or isolate infected students. ...

Continue reading

November 25, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Time For A Social Solidarity Tax?

Heinz Klug (Wisconsin), Time for a Social Solidarity Tax?:

Covid-19 is transforming the world, but we do not yet know how much. Across the globe the pandemic has exposed and exacerbated social and economic problems. From medical systems to livelihoods, Covid-19 is revealing how inequality impacts death rates, job losses, education, and housing. In many societies, including the United States, it has also exposed how these gross inequalities fall along racial and ethnic lines, with devastating impacts on marginal individuals, poor and minority communities. This article looks back at the comparative historical experience of wealth taxes and capital levies in Europe and Asia to put the present calls for wealth taxes in perspective and to suggest that a Social Solidarity Tax designed with this history as a guide may be necessary to address the coming economic catastrophe.

Continue reading

November 25, 2020 in Scholarship, Tax, Tax Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, November 24, 2020

Faulhaber Presents Excess Returns And The Search For Substantial Activities Virtually Today At NYU

Lilian Faulhaber (Georgetown) presents Lost in Translation: Excess Returns and the Search for Substantial Activities virtually at NYU today as part of its Tax Policy Colloquium Series hosted by Lily Batchelder and Daniel Shaviro:

Lvf6-200x300Starting in 2010, one international tax reform proposal moved from being a one-page idea in the Obama Treasury’s proposed budget to being one of the OECD’s options for CFC reform to becoming the basis for one of the major international tax reform provisions in the 2017 U.S. tax reform to being considered as part of Pillar Two of the OECD’s current digital tax project. This proposal, for a minimum tax on foreign excess returns, has changed shape with every iteration, and its proponents have justified each version of this differently and defined its various elements differently.

This Article tells the story of the many recent proposals for minimum taxes on foreign excess returns, starting with the Obama Treasury’s brief proposal and ending with the OECD’s current negotiations over digital taxation. This Article highlights the common threads that links all of these rules, and it also shows how differently the drafters of each rule have understood the purpose and design of a minimum tax on foreign excess returns.

Continue reading

November 24, 2020 in Colloquia, Scholarship, Tax, Tax Scholarship, Tax Workshops | Permalink | Comments (0)

Cooper: Rethinking The Estate Planning Curriculum

Jeffrey A. Cooper (Quinnipiac), Rethinking the Estate Planning Curriculum, 46 ACTEC L.J. (2020):

As a result of recent changes in Federal estate tax law, fewer and fewer clients need sophisticated estate tax planning. Many lawyers are thus spending less time acting as estate tax planners and instead deploying different skills and expertise.

In this brief article, I explore the extent to which law schools are rethinking their curricula as a result.

Continue reading

November 24, 2020 in Scholarship, Tax, Tax Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

Advice To Law Professors Giving Final Exams During COVID-19

LawProfBlawg (Anonymous Professor, Top 100 Law School), Your Compassionate Final Exam:

Some professors are giving short, timed exams while watching their students to assure that they don’t cheat. That means a LOT can go wrong for some students. The shorter the time window, the greater the chances of problems.  Broader and larger windows (more time to work, more flexibility in the time taking the exam) go a long way to mitigate problems. But even that doesn’t eliminate some of the challenges of taking exams in a pandemic.

Some students do not have spaces in which to work, concentrate or think.  They live with parents, family, and roommates. They may not have access to reliable internet. But yeah, you watch the zoom, prof.

Schools are closing for the Thanksgiving break and afterward in anticipation of a (now certain) COVID-19 spike. Great! But, where does one take that incredibly short term final with certain internet? How does one find child care for those definitive three hours? See Law Students In the Age of Coronavirus. It’s not like these problems haven’t been foreseen for a long while. Amazing that there are still discussions about what a final should look like right now. ...

Continue reading

November 24, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Acknowledgments As A Window Into Legal Academia

Jonathan I. Tietz (Michigan) & W. Nicholson Price II (Michigan), Acknowledgments as a Window into Legal Academia, 98 Wash. U. L. Rev. 307 (2020):

Legal scholarship in the United States is an oddity—an institution built on student editorship, a lack of peer review, and a dramatically high proportion of solo authorship. It is often argued that this makes legal scholarship fundamentally different from scholarship in other fields, which is largely peer-reviewed by academics. We use acknowledgments in biographical footnotes from law-review articles to probe the nature of legal knowledge co-production and de facto peer review in legal literature. Using a survey of authors and editors and a textual analysis of approximately thirty thousand law-review articles from 2008 to 2017, we examined the nature of knowledge co-production and peer review in U.S. legal academia.

Our results are consistent with the idea that substantial peer-review-like vetting occurs in the field. We also found evidence that both authors and editors use the information in acknowledgment footnotes as a factor in article submission and selection. Further, the characteristics of acknowledgment footnotes in articles in high-ranking law reviews differ dramatically from those in low-ranking law reviews in ways that are not simply due to differences in article quality.

Michigan 2

Continue reading

November 24, 2020 in Legal Ed Scholarship, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Vanderbilt's Chris Guthrie Is Sixth Law School Dean To Give At Least $100,000 To Students

Chris Guthrie, Vanderbilt Dean and John Wade-Kent Syverud Professor of Law, and his partner Tracey George, Vice Provost for Faculty Affairs, Charles B. Cox III and Lucy D. Cox Family Chair in Law and Liberty, and Professor of Political Science, have pledged $100,000 to establish a need-based scholarship in honor of the first African-American men and first African-American woman to graduate from Vanderbilt Law School:

Guthrie George 3The Harris, Porter & Work Scholarship will recognize Janie Greenwood Harris (LLB ’64), Edward Melvin Porter (LLB ’59) and Frederick Taylor Work, Sr. (LLB ’59), and support students with a demonstrated commitment to civil rights. ...

“We have had the privilege of meeting Janie, Melvin and Fred,” Guthrie explained. “We are in awe of their courage, accomplishments and grace. They make us so proud to be a part of the Vanderbilt Law School community, and we are excited and humbled to be able to recognize them with a scholarship named in their honor.”

This is the second need-based scholarship that George and Guthrie have endowed at the law school. “We are committed to doing what we can to ensure that talented students, regardless of need, are able to study at our law school  because we believe in the power of a Vanderbilt legal education to make a difference,” Guthrie said.

George and Guthrie have also made a gift of $25,000 to support current student initiatives to address issues of racial injustice.

Continue reading

November 24, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Stark: The Power Not To Tax

Kirk J. Stark (UCLA), The Power Not to Tax, 69 Am. U. L. Rev. 565 (2019):

Among the most controversial changes in federal tax policy in recent years is the new limitation on the deductibility of state and local taxes—or SALT cap. Introduced as part of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, the SALT cap differentially burdens residents of high-tax “blue states,” prompting some lawmakers to characterize the cap as an act of “economic civil war.” In one of the opening salvos of this “war,” a handful of blue states turned to alternative devices for raising revenue through the use of tax credits for charitable donations to state-designated funds. This strategy, modeled on long-standing “red state” tax credits used to fund private school vouchers, is rooted in the government’s “power not to tax,” understood here as the power to conditionally refrain from imposing taxes in exchange for the taxpayer making some legislatively sanctioned outlay. The introduction of the SALT cap has given new significance to this power not to tax, encouraging state and local lawmakers to devise strategies for funding public goods without utilizing formal tax mechanisms. This Article explores and evaluates the structural features of the law that account for this new state of affairs, as well as the ongoing controversy regarding how best to address the basic discontinuity in the law’s treatment of formal taxation versus conditional reductions in taxation.

Continue reading

November 24, 2020 in Scholarship, Tax, Tax Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

Colleges Have Shed 10% Of Their Employees Since The Pandemic Began

Chronicle of Higher Education, Colleges Have Shed a Tenth of Their Employees Since the Pandemic Began:

September, the traditional start of the fall semester, saw the continuation of historic job losses at America’s colleges just as they sought some return to normalcy amid the coronavirus pandemic.

Preliminary estimates suggest that a net 152,000 fewer workers were employed by America’s private (nonprofit and for-profit) and state-controlled institutions of higher education in September, compared with August, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, which calculates industry-specific employee figures. The net number of workers who left the industry from February to September now sits at around 484,000.

Chronicle

Continue reading

November 24, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (2)

Americans Increasingly Are Leaving High-Tax States For Low-Tax States

Cato Institute, Will High‐​Tax “Superstar Cities” Finally Need to Consider — Gasp! — Their Residents?:

As my Cato colleague Chris Edwards documented here a couple weeks ago, interstate migration data from the U.S. Census Bureau indicate that state tax policy affects where Americans, especially wealthy ones, are choosing to live and work. The following charts ...  confirm Chris’ initial impressions: in 2018 there was a strong, statistically significant (p‐​values < 0.01) relationship between (1) personal state tax burdens — as measured by either the Tax Policy Center or the Tax Foundation — and (2) net interstate migration (ratio of inflows to outflows):

Cato 1

Continue reading

November 24, 2020 in Tax, Think Tank Reports | Permalink | Comments (2)

Monday, November 23, 2020

Cauble: Presumptions of Tax Motivation

Emily Cauble (DePaul), Presumptions of Tax Motivation, 105 Iowa L. Rev. 1995 (2020):

Rebuttable presumptions are scattered throughout the Internal Revenue Code and the Treasury Regulations. In many cases, they are employed in service of determining a taxpayer’s motive or state of mind. They are not, however, always utilized when motive or state of mind must be assessed. In some contexts, courts are called upon to examine all relevant facts and circumstances in order to divine a taxpayer’s state of mind – which facts are relevant and the weight to be accorded to various facts are not specified ahead of time except to the extent set forth in judicial precedent. At the other extreme, in yet another subset of situations in which tax outcome turns on motive or state of mind, tax law provides that a given fact establishes an irrebuttable presumption of a given motive. In between the two extremes, tax law makes use of a variety of tools including rebuttable presumptions. When a rebuttable presumption is at work, the proof of a specified fact is deemed to establish the existence of a given state of mind, unless the party who is disadvantaged by that state of mind determination presents sufficient evidence to overcome it.

Continue reading

November 23, 2020 in Scholarship, Tax, Tax Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (2)

How California's Projected $54 Billion Deficit Turned Into a $26 Billion Surplus

Los Angeles Times, California Could See a $26-Billion Windfall Followed By Growing Deficits, Analysts Say:

California’s state budget faces a dramatic boom-and-bust period over the next four years, analysts said Wednesday, a roller-coaster period that could begin with a $26-billion tax windfall and later plunge to a projected deficit of $17.5 billion by the middle of 2025.

CA 0

Though the gradual trend toward budget shortfalls was expected when lawmakers and Gov. Gavin Newsom crafted a state budget in June, the large supply of extra cash — equal to almost 20% of all current-year spending out of California’s general fund — is a surprise, Legislative Analyst Gabriel Petek said.

“Many of us thought that the state revenues were headed for a plunge,” Petek said Wednesday of fears over an economic slowdown sparked by the pandemic. “But as it turns out, revenues have proven to be much more resilient than that.”

In essence, the report issued by analysts [The 2021-22 Budget: California's Fiscal Outlook] said that state officials may have over-corrected in trying to limit spending in the budget year that began on July 1. The budget signed by Newsom was designed to erase a projected $54.3-billion deficit and assumed the recession would lead to a sharp decline in tax revenues. As a result, lawmakers agreed to tap the state’s cash reserves and used one-time spending delays in hopes of staving off deep cuts to funding for schools and social services.

Instead, the state’s tax revenues have remained strong — in part, Petek said, because high-income residents have not suffered any notable setbacks and California’s budget relies heavily on those taxpayers.

Continue reading

November 23, 2020 in Tax, Tax News | Permalink | Comments (2)

Pace Seeks To Hire Entry Level Or Lateral Tax Prof

Elisabeth Haub School of Law Faculty Hiring Announcement:

Pace Logo (2018)The Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University invites applications to fill up to two full-time, academic tenure-track/tenured faculty positions at the rank of assistant professor, associate professor, or professor. The positions will begin in August 2021. Applicants must be committed to providing excellent legal training both in person and online, engaging in meaningful service within the law school and in the broader community, and producing excellent scholarship.

Applicants should have teaching and research interests in any of the following areas: environmental law, natural resources law, sustainable business law, energy and climate law, public health law, contracts law, business law, and tax law. Applicants whose interests cover multiple of these areas are particularly encouraged to apply. We welcome applications from candidates interested in doctrinal, experiential, and/or clinical teaching.

Continue reading

November 23, 2020 in Legal Education, Tax, Tax Prof Jobs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Some Professors Push Stanford To Boot Conservative Hoover Institution And Its $550 Million Endowment

Los Angeles Times:  COVID-19 Falsehoods Lead Stanford to Examine Ties to Right-Wing Hoover Institution, by Michael Hiltzik:

HooverStanfordOn Monday, Stanford University took a step that might be career-shattering in almost any field except academia: It formally distanced itself from a faculty member.

The faculty member is Scott Atlas, a neuroradiologist who is a senior fellow at Stanford’s Hoover Institution and a former professor at its medical school. At the moment, Atlas is a leading advisor on the COVID-19 pandemic to President Trump.

“Dr. Atlas has expressed views that are inconsistent with the university’s approach in response to the pandemic,” the university said. ...

Stanford’s statement was couched in the neutral terms common in academic disputes. But it points to an increasingly acrimonious discussion on the Palo Alto campus — whether Stanford should formally distance itself from the Hoover Institution, or at least redefine a relationship that has periodically exploded into political controversy.

Continue reading

November 23, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (5)

Fall 2021 Law School Admissions At The Quarter-Pole: Applicants Are Up 32%, With Biggest Increases Among The Highest LSAT Bands And Applicants Of Color

Following up on my previous posts on the Fall 2021 law school admissions season:

We are now 25% of the way through Fall 2021 law school admissions season. The number of law school applicants are up 31.7%:

ABA Applicants

Mike Spivey projects that applicants will be up 28% for the full admissions season, but Jeff Thomas cautions that the increase in applicants may be an illusion because first-time LSAT test-takers are down 3% thus far.

Applicants are up the most in the New England (52.5%), Midwest (48.9%), and Northeast (39.1%); and up the least in the Great Lakes (18.8%), South Central (21.9%), Northwest (27.2%).

LSAC Geography

Applicants' LSAT scores are up 70.4% in the 170-180 band, 32.7% in the 160-169 band, 19.0% in the 150-159 band, and 10.9% in the 120-149 band:

Continue reading

November 23, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Lesson From The Tax Court: International Pilot’s Tax Home Argument Does Not Fly

Tax Court (2020)Douglas H. Cutting v. Commissioner, T.C. Memo. 2020-158 (Nov. 19, 2020) (Judge Pugh), teaches a useful lesson about that puzzling concept called “tax home” as it relates to the §911 foreign earned income exclusion.  Taxpayers can claim the §911 exclusion if their tax home is in a foreign country.  Mr. Cutting's wasn’t, even though his personal home — the place he returned to when not flying — was Thailand, where he lived with his wife and step-daughter.  A tax home, however, is not where the heart is.  Details below the fold.

Continue reading

November 23, 2020 in Bryan Camp, New Cases, Scholarship, Tax, Tax Practice And Procedure, Tax Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

NY Times: Trump Tax Write-Offs Are Ensnared In 2 New York Fraud Investigations

New York Times, Trump Tax Write-Offs Are Ensnared in 2 New York Fraud Investigations:

Two separate New York State fraud investigations into President Trump and his businesses, one criminal and one civil, have expanded to include tax write-offs on millions of dollars in consulting fees, some of which appear to have gone to Ivanka Trump, according to people with knowledge of the matter.

The inquiries — a criminal investigation by the Manhattan district attorney, Cyrus R. Vance Jr., and a civil one by the state attorney general, Letitia James — are being conducted independently. But both offices issued subpoenas to the Trump Organization in recent weeks for records related to the fees, the people said.

The subpoenas were the latest steps in the two investigations of the Trump Organization, and underscore the legal challenges awaiting the president when he leaves office in January. There is no indication that his daughter is a focus of either inquiry, which the Trump Organization has derided as politically motivated. ...

Continue reading

November 23, 2020 in Tax, Tax News | Permalink | Comments (1)

TaxProf Blog Weekend Roundup

Sunday, November 22, 2020

Father-Daughter Duo Tackles Law School Together At Syracuse

WSYR, Father-Daughter Duo Tackles Law School Together at Syracuse University:

Syracuse 2It’s not unusual for someone to attend the same school as their parent or even study the same degree, but how about doing all of that at the exact same time?

It’s been the reality for one father-daughter duo taking on Syracuse University’s College of Law together.

“It’s not embarrassing to go to school with your parent,” said Lauren Deutsch.

For Lauren and her father, Scott, it’s actually pretty cool. ...

Continue reading

November 22, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Penn Regulatory Review: Reforming Federal Income Tax

Penn Regulatory Review, Reforming Federal Income Tax:

Penn RegulatoryIn this week’s Saturday Seminar, scholars discuss income tax law and proposals to change an imperfect system.

Continue reading

November 22, 2020 in Tax, Tax Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

Marquette Faculty Stage Sickout Over Proposed Budget Cuts, Cancel Numerous Classes

Following up on my previous post, Marquette May Cut Up To 20% Of Faculty And Staff Due To Budget Shortfall:  Marquette Wire, Faculty and Staff “Sickened” by Proposed Budget Cuts:

Marquette University (2020)Multiple Marquette instructors called in sick Monday after stating they were especially “sickened” by the budget cuts proposed by the university. This lead to multiple online and in-person classes being canceled Monday.

The budget cuts proposed by the university could potentially lead to a large number of faculty and staff being laid off due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. ...

Continue reading

November 22, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (4)

The Top Five New Tax Papers

There is a bit of movement in this week's list of the Top 5 Recent Tax Paper Downloads, with a paper returning to the list at #5:

  1. SSRN Logo (2018)[428 Downloads]  State Aid: The General Court Decision in Apple, by Stephen Daly (King's College London) & Ruth Mason (Virginia) (reviewed by Young Ran (Christine) Kim (Utah) here)
  2. [289 Downloads]  Federal Tax Procedure (2020 Practitioner Ed.), by John Townsend
  3. [260 Downloads]  Intangibles and the Transfer Pricing Reconstruction Rules: A Case Study of Amazon, by Antony Ting (Sydney)
  4. [187 Downloads]  An Analysis of Vice President Biden’s Economic Agenda: The Long Run Impacts of Its Regulation, Taxes, and Spending, by Timothy Fitzgerald (Texas Tech), Kevin Hassett (Hoover Institution), Cody Kallen (Wisconsin) & Casey Mulligan (Chicago)
  5. [168 Downloads]  Why Is So Much Redistribution In-Kind and Not in Cash? Evidence from a Survey Experiment, by Zachary Liscow (Yale) & Abigail Pershing (J.D. 2020, Yale)

November 22, 2020 in Scholarship, Tax, Tax Scholarship, Top 5 Downloads | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, November 21, 2020

This Week's Ten Most Popular TaxProf Blog Posts

October 2020 Florida Bar Exam Results: Florida International Is #1 For 6th Year In A Row

Florida Bar 2The October 2020 Florida bar passage rates by school are out. The overall pass rate for first-time takers is 71.7%, down 2.2 percentage points from last year. For the sixth year in a row, Florida International is #1. Here are the results for the 11 Florida law schools, along with each school's U.S. News ranking (Florida and overall):

Bar Pass

Rank (Rate)

 

School

US News Rank

FL (Overall)

1 (89.3%)

Florida Int'l

4 (90)

2 (84.4%)

Florida State

2 (50)

3 (83.9%)

Florida 

1 (24)

4 (74.4%)

Stetson 

5 (105)

5 (72.56%)

Miami

3 (67)

6 (67.4%)

Nova

Tier 2

7 (66.9%)

St. Thomas

Tier 2

8 (65.9%)

Ave Maria

Tier 2

9 (61.7%)

Florida A&M

Tier 2

10 (61.2%)

Barry

Tier 2

11 (57.6%)

Florida Coastal

Tier 2

For discussion of how Florida International graduates consistently overperform on the bar exam, see:

Continue reading

November 21, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Ed Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (3)

February California Bar Exam Will Be Online; Committee Recommends Provisional Licensure For July 2015-Feb. 2020 Takers Who Scored 1390-1439

Supreme Court of California:

California Bar ExamCourt Issues Order for February 2021 Bar Exam to be Administered Online (Nov 19, 2020):
The Supreme Court of California on Thursday issued an order to administer the February 2021 California Bar Examination online. The exam will take place on Feb. 23 and 24, with the State Bar given discretion to grant in-person testing for those needing accommodations. The Supreme Court in July permanently lowered the passing score from 1440 to 1390.

The Recorder, State Bar Committee Endorses Alternative Path to Law License:

A state bar committee on Friday endorsed a path to full licensure for certain recent law school graduates who have taken but not passed California’s bar exam.

The Provisional Licensure Working Group adopted two sets of supervised practice requirements that, if completed, would allow those who scored between 1390 and 1439 on an exam administered between July 2015 and February 2020 to join the bar without having to take the exam again. The change is aimed at about 2,000 applicants who would have passed the exam if the new 1390 cut score, and not the previous 1440 mark, had been in place at the time.

Continue reading

November 21, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

NTA 113th Annual Conference On Taxation

Highlights of the third day of the National Tax Association's virtual 113th Annual Conference on Taxation (full program here):

National Tax Association (2016)

Advances in Tax Administration
Session Chair: Elliott Ash (ETH Zurich)

Behavioral Issues in Tax Administration & Retirement Plans
Session Chair: Jason Seligman (Investment Company Institute)

Continue reading

November 21, 2020 in Conferences, Tax, Tax Scholarship, Tax Workshops | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, November 20, 2020

Weekly SSRN Tax Article Review And Roundup: Speck Reviews Nadler's Tax-Motivated Trading And Price Efficiency

This week, Sloan Speck (Colorado) reviews a new work by Hillel Nadler (Program on International Financial Systems), The Only Sure Alpha: Tax-Motivated Trading and Price Efficiency (Aug. 12, 2020).

Speck (2017)

In The Only Sure Alpha: Tax-Motivated Trading and Price Efficiency, Hillel Nadler examines tax-motived trading in financial instruments from a novel and compelling perspective: the ways in which tax rules affect the process of price discovery in otherwise well-functioning markets. Nadler argues that tax considerations may drive “noisy trading”—trading that moves prices away from an equilibrium based on non-tax information. Although markets (eventually) should resolve these deviations of price from fundamental value, Nadler notes that the noise itself may have significant and detrimental systemic effects. Transitions to equilibrium matter, and taxation may cause distortions that leave financial markets in a constant state of low-level flux.

Continue reading

November 20, 2020 in Scholarship, Sloan Speck, Tax, Tax Scholarship, Weekly SSRN Roundup, Weekly Tax Roundup | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tax Policy In The Trump Administration

Weekly Legal Education Roundup

Next Week's Virtual Tax Workshop

Tuesday, November 24: Lilian Faulhaber (Georgetown) will present Lost in Translation: Excess Returns and the Search for Substantial Activities virtually at NYU as part of its Tax Policy Colloquium Series. If you would like to attend, please contact Dan Shaviro.

Continue reading

November 20, 2020 in Colloquia, Tax, Tax Scholarship, Tax Workshops | Permalink | Comments (0)

Satterthwaite Presents Taxing Domestic Workers Virtually Today At Florida

Emily Satterthwaite (Toronto) presents Taxing Domestic Workers: Trading a Safety Net for a Living Wage? (with Ariel Jurow Kleinman (San Diego)) virtually today at Florida as part of its Tax Colloquium Series:

Satterthwaite (2019)Paid domestic workers play a central and often intimate role in the day-to-day lives of many North Americans, including the affluent but also other groups. The livelihoods and health of, for example, the elderly, persons with serious disabilities, and women who work outside the home (and their children) may depend on the labor of one or more paid domestic workers. Yet domestic workers and their hirers tend to rely on very different workplace protections and social insurance guarantees. Our project seeks to better understand the role that tax law plays in this troubling status quo by surveying domestic workers about their tax-related experiences. The domestic sector rightly has been called “the original gig economy” because of its structural similarities with higher-technology sectors like ride-sharing. However, existing doctrinal and policy-oriented tax scholarship, including that which attends to the significant tax policy challenges presented by platform service providers and the role of contract work, has largely overlooked the domestic sector.

Continue reading

November 20, 2020 in Colloquia, Scholarship, Tax, Tax Scholarship, Tax Workshops | Permalink | Comments (0)

As Colleges Plan To Return To In-Person Teaching In The Spring Semester, Faculty Rebel

Chronicle of Higher Education, Colleges Ask Professors to Return to the Classroom. Their Answer? That’s ‘Reckless.’:

When the University of Florida, in Gainesville, announced in July that fall-semester classes would be largely online, the daily new-case rate for Covid-19 was hovering between 60,000 and 70,000 nationwide. This week, daily new cases reached more than twice that number. Health experts warn that the country faces a prolonged surge.

But at Florida and other colleges, leaders have signaled to their professors that, come spring, they will be expected to ramp up their in-person instruction.

The reason?

An on-campus learning experience is critical to their students’ success, these institutions say. That success, colleges know, is important for keeping enrollments up. And in some cases, the move appears to come down to politics and money. In his message to campus, Florida’s president, W. Kent Fuchs, said that offering in-person courses was the “best shared opportunity” to protect the university’s budget and employee jobs.

On the behalf of students and “of those whose jobs will be saved,” Fuchs offered his “deep and heartfelt appreciation.”

But instructors at Florida and other institutions are not feeling that appreciation. They point out that the latest spike in Covid-19 cases has dangerously strained hospitals , and that many students are not sticklers for social-distancing. They say the benefits of in-person teaching are not worth putting employees, their families, and others at risk.

Continue reading

November 20, 2020 in Legal Ed News, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (2)