TaxProf Blog

Editor: Paul L. Caron
Pepperdine University School of Law

A Member of the Law Professor Blogs Network

Friday, August 22, 2014

Shadow Syllabus

SyllabusSonya Huber (Fairfield University), Shadow Syllabus:

  • I could hardly hear my own professors when I was in college over the din and roar of my own fear.
  • Those who aim for A’s don’t get as many A’s as those who abandon the quest for A’s and seek knowledge or at least curiosity. ...
  • The goals and outcomes I am required to put on my syllabus make me depressed; they are the illusion of controlling what cannot be controlled. 
  • I end up changing everything halfway through the semester anyway because the plan on paper is never what the living class ends up being about. 
  • I desperately needed A’s when I was in college because I didn’t know what else I was besides an A. 
  • Our flaws make us human; steer toward yours. I steer toward mine. That won’t always be rewarded in “the real world.” ...
  • I realize that I, as the authority figure in this room, might trigger all kinds of authority issues you have. Welcome to work and the rest of your life. ...
  • One of you who is filled with hate for this class right now will end up loving it by the end.
  • One of you who I believe to be unteachable and filled with hate for me will end up being my favorite.
  • One of you will drive me bat-shit crazy and there’s nothing I can do about it.
  • Later I will examine the reason you drive me bat-shit crazy and be ashamed and then try to figure out my own limitations. ...
  • Sometimes I will be annoyed, sarcastic, rushed, or sad; often this is because you are not doing the readings or trying to bullshit me. 
  • Students are surprised by this fact: I really really really want you to learn. Like, that’s my THING. Really really a lot. ...
  • Everyone sees you texting. It’s awkward, every time, for everyone in the room. ...
  • Secret: I get nervous before each class because I want to do well.
  • Secret: when I over-plan my lessons, less learning happens.
  • Secret: I have to plan first and THEN abandon the plan while still remembering its outline.
  • Secret: It’s hard to figure out whether to be a cop or a third-grade teacher. I have to be both. I want to be Willie Wonka. That’s the ticket. Unpredictable, not always nice, high standards, and sometimes candy. ...
  • Secret: Every single one of your professors and teachers has been at a point of crisis in their lives where they had no idea what the fuck to do. 
  • Come talk to me in my office hours, but not to spin some thin line of bullshit, because believe it or not, I can see through it like a windowpane.
  • Some of you will lose this piece of paper because you’ve had other people to smooth out your papers and empty your backpack for as long as you can remember, but that all ends here. There’s no one to empty your backpack. That’s why college is great and scary.
  • Maybe there’s never been anyone to empty your backpack. If there hasn’t been, you will have a harder time feeling entitled to come talk to me or ask for help. 
  • I want you, especially, to come talk to me. 
  • You can swear in my classroom.
  • Welcome. Welcome to this strange box with chairs in it. I hope you laugh and surprise yourself.

August 22, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Weekly Legal Education Roundup

Faculty Development, Faculty Incentives, and Law School Innovation

Stephen Daniels (American Bar Foundation), William M. Sullivan (Denver) & Martin Katz (Dean, Denver), Analyzing Carnegie's Reach: The Contingent Nature of Innovation, 63 J. Legal Educ. 585 (2014):

Our interest is curricular innovation, with a focus on the recommendations of the 2007 Carnegie report – Educating Lawyers. Recognizing that meaningful reform requires an institutional commitment, our interest also includes initiatives in the areas of faculty development and faculty incentive structure that would support curricular innovation. Additionally, we are curious as to what might explain change and whether certain school characteristics will do so or whether external factors that challenge legal education offer an explanation. To explore these issues we surveyed law schools (a 60.5% response rate). The results show that while there is much activity in the area of curriculum – including the key matters of lawyering, professionalism, and especially integration – there is much less in the important areas of faculty development and faculty incentive structure. School characteristics, including rank, do not provide a sufficient explanation for the patterns emerging from the survey’s results. Additionally, activity by law schools with regard to curriculum, faculty development, and faculty professional activity is not simply a response to external challenges either. However, it appears that those pressures are providing a potential window of opportunity for innovation, reinforcing the need for change, and accelerating its pace.

Table 2

August 22, 2014 in Legal Education, Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

Details Emerge in Murder of Dan Markel

Markel[Continually Updated]  More details are emerging in the July 18 murder of Dan Markel, D’Alemberte Professor of Law at Florida State and founder of PrawfsBlawg, as the result of a shooting in his home:

I have collected links to the many tributes to Dan here.

Dan Markel Memorial Fund To Benefit His Sons, Benjamin Amichai Markel and Lincoln Jonah Markel:


August 22, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (9)

Thursday, August 21, 2014

Why Did American University’s Law School Plunge in the Rankings?

Washington City Paper, Why Did American University’s Law School Plunge in the Rankings?:

American Logo (2014)American University’s law school woos its students with a chance at the kind of international law jobs in which they might handle classified documents. In the spring of 2012, however, one graduate says his classmates got some practice being secretive about something decidedly less important to national security: their own job prospects.

In order to avoid offending classmates who faced unemployment after racking up more than $150,000 in student debt—nine months after graduation, just 42 percent of the class had jobs that required passing the bar—students who actually had offers had to engage in their own cover-ups. “Everything was sort of hush-hush,” says the graduate, who asked not to be named to avoid so as not to damage his new, nonlegal career.

Lately, the prospects for American University’s Washington College of Law have looked just as grim. Since 2013, the school has plummeted down the U.S. News and World Report law-school rankings, dropping 23 positions from 49th in the country to 72nd. Thanks to its graduates’ dubious employment prospects, meanwhile, Washington College of Law has become a target for activists who see it as one of the worst examples of a law school that dupes students with unlikely legal ambitions, only to stick them with a mountain of inescapable debt when they graduate. 

All the same, the school has started construction on a new campus in Tenleytown that the university expects will cost $130 million. As the Washington College of Law expands its goals in the face of its ratings collapse and a nationwide drop in law applications, it looks headed for a collision between its aspirations and the realities of what a mid-tier law school can realistically offer its students. ...

Continue reading

August 21, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (2)

Dear Committee Members: A Novel

Slate Book Review:  Strongest Possible Endorsement: A Funny and Lacerating Novel of Academia Written in the Form of Letters of Recommendation:

Dear CommitteeI have been tasked with assessing Julie Schumacher’s Dear Committee Members, an epistolary novel consisting entirely of fictionalized letters of recommendation penned by professor Jason Fitger (failed novelist, failed husband, successful misanthrope). Although professor Fitger is—despite his correct opinions on the current state of the academic professions, and rare mitzvahs for his few remaining friends—an abhorrent human being, I cannot help but give this year in his life—which is narrated solely through his self-centered, off-topic, usually-counterproductive “endorsements” of colleagues, students, and friends—my strongest possible recommendation. 

Indeed, like his innumerable crotchety-white-male-academic protagonist predecessors (some of my favorites: Nabokov’s Humbert, Goethe’s Faust, Chabon’s Grady, Franzen’s Chip), Jason Fitger makes up in self-importance what he lacks in human contact with anyone who can stand him. “I’ll get around to my evaluation of Professor Ali,” Fitger explains in an alleged letter of support for a colleague’s tenure case. “But I have a few other things on my mind also, and it would be foolish of me, I think—it would be remiss—if I didn’t take this opportunity to address a few of them. After all, how often does a lowly professor of creative writing and English have the ear” of the associate vice provost? He then unleashes a tirade of grievances about the decrepit facilities and lackluster funding of his department, touching only briefly on his colleague’s many accomplishments. ...

Continue reading

August 21, 2014 in Book Club, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tax Profs on Twitter

August 21, 2014 in Legal Education, Tax | Permalink | Comments (1)

The Case for Undergraduate Law Degrees

Following up on my previous post, Arizona Launches Nation's First B.A. in Law:  Chronicle of Higher Education op-ed:  The Case for Undergraduate Law Degrees, by Brent T. White (Arizona):

Arizona Logo[N]o university or law school in the United States offers an undergraduate degree in law. That is, until this fall, when the University of Arizona will introduce the nation’s first bachelor of arts in law. Stepping back from the culturally embedded assumption in America that legal training should be provided in professional schools, the lack of an undergraduate route to legal education is perplexing.

First, in most countries—including those requiring additional graduate-level training to become a licensed attorney—law is an undergraduate degree. Second, there is little rationale for excluding the study of law from the full range of undergraduate academic subjects. ... Third, a law degree would offer many benefits to undergraduates, including the ability to independently research, read, and understand the law, as well as training in critical thinking and problem solving, analytical reasoning, and persuasive writing—all of which are highly marketable skills that translate well into a variety of professions, law-related or not. Finally, undergraduate law degrees would be the best response to the reality that many law-related tasks are performed by people who are not lawyers but who need legal training. Examples include accountants who act as tax advisers, human-resource managers who must navigate employment law, school-compliance officers who create policies related to education law, mediators who provide conflict-resolution services, legal technicians who conduct e-discovery, and contract managers who draft and negotiate contracts.

The question is not whether nonlawyers will provide legal services; it’s whether they will be well trained. Undergraduate law degrees offer the most cost-effective and broadly accessible way to offer such training. ...

Continue reading

August 21, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Measuring Merit: The Shultz-Zedeck Research on Law School Admissions

Kristen Holmquist, Marjorie Shultz, Sheldon Zedeck & David Oppenheimer (all of UC-Berkeley), Measuring Merit: The Shultz-Zedeck Research on Law School Admissions, 63 J. Legal Educ. 565 (2014):

Law schools profess a commitment to racial diversity both for the educational benefits diversity confers and for its contribution to the profession. But they admit students based on standards that, while not discriminatory in a legal sense, undeniably favor white applicants. Today the question of who belongs in any given law school, or law school at all, turns almost exclusively on an applicant’s score on the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). Law schools are not blind to the racial impact that accompanies this narrow measure of merit. But rather than taking a hard look at whether legal educators have adequately, or accurately, identified what qualities best qualify students for law school, the admissions process largely relies on affirmative action to ameliorate the current process's negative effects. That approach is imperfect for a whole host of reasons, not least of which is that affirmative action’s legal use in higher education may be about to end. Should race-conscious admissions practices be banned, every law school that truly values diversity will have to explore race-neutral means of achieving it. The good news is that research conducted by Marjorie Shultz and Sheldon Zedeck suggests that this is possible -- that qualities relevant to effective lawyering can be defined and predicted without recreating the LSAT's disparate impact [Predicting Lawyer Effectiveness -- A New Assessment for Use in Law School Admission Decisions]. This essay describes that research and the promise that it holds for improved, race-neutral, admissions processes.

August 21, 2014 in Legal Education, Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Survey: Grads Give High Marks to Law Schools for Professors, Training & ROI, But Not Job Placement

Kaplan, Class of 2014 Law School Graduates Give Their Schools Solid Grades in Professor Quality, “Practice Ready” Training and ROI — But Job Placement Gets More “F”s than “A”s:

Kaplan LogoAccording to a Kaplan Bar Review survey* of over 1,200 law school graduates from the class of 2014, a strong majority of tomorrow’s attorneys give their alma maters strong marks overall: 40% of law school graduates gave their overall law school education an “A” (up from 37% in 2012), while 45% gave it a “B”.  Only 11% gave their legal education a “C”; and a relatively small percentage (4%) scored it as below average or failing.  And while law school grads gave their former JD programs generally favorable marks in a number of subcategories, there was one glaring exception:  job placement.

Continue reading

August 20, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

LinkedIn Law School Rankings?

LinkedInInside Higher Ed, The New Rankings?:

LinkedIn is one of several players in a growing market: the business of aggregating data about career outcomes for prospective college students. Rankings still dominate conversations about which colleges are best, to the chagrin of many college presidents. But a number of companies are developing data-backed search tools to help students decide where to apply, where to attend and what to study.

Students and parents are the consumers most of these companies have in mind. But the services also attract business from colleges and universities that the aggregated data depicts favorably. Tulane now features its LinkedIn page in its promotional materials. ...

Continue reading

August 20, 2014 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Law Professor Blogs Network Launches Legal Technology Blog

LPBN LogoThe Law Professor Blogs Network is thrilled to announce the launch of Legal Technology Blog, edited by Jeanne Eicks (Vermont), Oliver Goodenough (Vermont), Stephanie Kimbro (Stanford), and Michele Pistone (Villanova). From their inaugural post:

What will law practice look like in the next decade? What should legal professionals know about technology to be competent and profitable in legal practice? How will we educate the next generation of lawyers entering a legal field deeply altered by technology? Who are these legal entrepreneurs changing the face of law – and should we fear them or emulate them? Will innovation happen at a stately pace, trimming the edges of inefficiency and risk aversion in legal practice? Or will innovation happen disruptively as technology entrepreneurs make an end-run around the more deliberate pace of legal practitioners? To borrow from Richard Susskind, a visionary in this field, who are tomorrow’s lawyers and how will they be trained?

We seek answers to these questions and more. This blog will focus on the topics at the nexus of law, legal practice and legal education and technology. Welcome.

With the support of our sponsor, Wolters Kluwer Law & Business/Aspen Publishers, the Network is seeking to expand in two ways.

First, I am actively recruiting law professors to launch blogs in other areas of the law school curriculum not currently covered by the Network, including Administrative Law, Bankruptcy, Intellectual Property, National Security, Native American Law, Race and the Law, and Trial Advocacy.

Second, I am actively recruiting law professors to affiliate their existing blogs with the Network, like Brian Leiter's Law School Reports, Brian Leiter's Law School Rankings, Mirror of Justice, REFinBlog, The Right Coast, and Sentencing Law and Policy

The Network offers law professors the premier blogging platform and the opportunity to share in growing sponsorship and advertising revenues. For more information about these opportunities, see here.

August 20, 2014 in About This Blog, Legal Education, Tax | Permalink | Comments (0)

Welcome to the Law School Class of 2017: Should You Stay or Should You Go?

Forbes:  Law School Begins: Here's A Message to the New Crop of 1L's, by Michael I. Krauss (George Mason):

Clash 1Later this week I will teach the first Torts class to George Mason Law School’s newly matriculated 1L’s.  Here is my message, both to them and to 1L’s nationally.

You have decided to enter law school during “interesting” times.  The business model for the private practice of law is a-changin, and many say it is broken.  Law school tuition is higher than ever, yet incomes are stagnant and perhaps dropping.  Law school loans, guaranteed by Uncle Sam and not dischargeable by bankruptcy, help you pay for tuition, but every increase in the generosity of federal largess is yet another incentive for universities to capture rents by increasing tuition further.

Mason students are at a “top-50″ school, but many readers of this column will be matriculating at lower-ranked institutions (and others will be at higher-rated schools).  Most Mason students ranked near the top of their undergraduate class and did quite well on their LSAT.  But half of you will get GPA’s at Mason that are lower than you’ve ever experienced before, both because your undergrad institution had succumbed to grade inflation and because our mandatory GPA mean immunizes us against this to some extent.  Those in the bottom half of the class won’t be eligible for Law Review, and they generally won’t be invited to those coveted on-campus interviews with BigLaw firms.  For them, and for many in the top half of the class as well, “summer camp” at a BigLaw firm after 2L will never happen; and the famous $160K starting salary after graduation will be pie in the sky.  Most law grads learn to their sorrow that the income distribution for freshly-minted JD’s is quite bimodal.  And those who do catch that brass ring will be in for a life that is usually exhausting and often boring, if not soul-destroying.

Are these facts part of an effort to get you to rethink your decision to attend law school?  For some of you, frankly, yes; but for others, absolutely not.  ...

Continue reading

August 20, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (6)

Tuesday, August 19, 2014

The Cause of Higher Tenure Rates for Men: Productivity or Sexism?

Inside Higher Ed, Productivity or Sexism?:

In discussions about the gender gap among tenured professors at research universities, there is little dispute that there are far more men than women with tenure in most disciplines. But why? Many have speculated that men are outperforming women in research, which is particularly valued over teaching and service at research universities. With women (of those with children) shouldering a disproportionate share of child care, the theory goes, they may not be able to keep up with publishing and research to the same extent as their male counterparts.

A study presented here Sunday at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association finds that those assumptions may be untrue in some disciplines. [Kate Weisshaar (Stanford), Measuring the Glass Ceiling Effect: An Assessment of Discrimination in Academia.] The study compared tenure rates at research universities in computer science, English and sociology -- and then controlled for research productivity. 

Not only are men more likely than women to earn tenure, but in computer science and sociology, they are significantly more likely to earn tenure than are women who have the same research productivity. In English men are slightly (but not in a statistically significant way) more likely than women to earn tenure. ...

Continue reading

August 19, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (6)

Monday, August 18, 2014

Quinnipiac Law School Opens New $50 Million Building Amidst 33% Decline in 1L Enrollment

New Haven Register News, Quinnipiac University Opens New Law School Building in North Haven:

Quinnipiac LogoOn Monday, Quinnipiac University law students will start the academic year in a $50 million new building at the school’s North Haven campus. ...

Currently, the school has 292 students enrolled, but [President John] Lahey said the new building was built with the potential to grow the law student population after numbers declined from 400 students. “It’s designed to get back to 400, but it can hold up to 500,” Lahey said.

Despite student enrollment dropping, Lahey said he’s looking forward to the law school growing in its new location. “There’s a decline for the demand for lawyers. Even with the decline, we’re the only school in country to spend $50 million for a new (law)school. It shows that Quinnipiac has a long-term, strategic commitment to law. It reflects my confidence and the university’s confidence in [Dean] Jen Brown,” Lahey said. 

Quinnipiac enrolled 84 students (65 full time) in Fall 2013 (with 154 LSAT/3.34 GPA medians), compared to 127 students (107 full time) in Fall 2012 (with 156 LSAT/3.39 GPA medians).

(Hat Tip: Above the Law.)

Update:  News 8, Tuition on the Rise at Quinnipiac

August 18, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (2)

Law School Accreditation Standards: Implementation and Next Steps

ABA Logo 2Following up on last week's post, ABA Approves Changes to Law School Accreditation Standards:

ABA Section of Legal Education and Admission to the Bar, Transition to and Implementation of the New Standards and Rules of Procedure for Approval of Law Schools:

The Standards Review process was a major project, and now the Council, Accreditation Committee, staff, and law schools have another major undertaking in implementing what the Council has adopted. Faculties and staff will have to consider the ways in which the new Standards require action and changes to their program of legal education. For the Section, implementing and transitioning to the new Standards and Rules involves questions of timing; substantial work that will need to be done to the Site Evaluation Questionnaire (SEQ), Annual Questionnaire (AQ), and related documents; and education and training for schools, the Council and Accreditation Committee, and site evaluators.

The revised Standards (referred to here as the “new Standards”) and Rules became legally effective at the end of the ABA Annual Meeting on August 12, 2014. ...

While the new Standards and Rules are effective now, some of the new Standards will require changes that it will take schools time to make. It will also take time to integrate all of the changes into our systems and processes. In the past when a Standards change required a phase-in period or a delayed effective date, that has been done, and we will do that on this occasion as well.

With that background, the transition and implementation plan is ...

Dan Rodriguez (Dean, Northwestern), What’s Next for ABA Standards Review?:

One suspects that the ABA Council is taking a deep breath, and perhaps also a victory lap, after several years in which it reviewed existing standards and made some meaningful reforms. Attention rightly shifts to the implementation of these reforms and, one hopes, to working constructively with law schools to best manage the burdens (and also the benefits) of these new standards.

But we should not lose sight of the fact that there is much more constructive work to do. The multiyear process just completed was described as a comprehensive one. Yet, the most comprehensive approach to reform would look freshly at all the rules in toto, asking simultaneously the questions: What is the fundamental purpose of law school regulation? How do the standards maintain public confidence in legal education while encouraging law schools to revisit their basic instructional and economic models, in light of the changing landscape for students, faculty, and lawyers? And how can these standards be framed as drivers of innovation and of creative reform, rather than as maintenance of a model of legal education that is coming under challenge, and from many quarters, as ill-suited to the needs, wants, and exigencies of the profession?

Drilling deep into these questions can assist the Council and its many stakeholders in opening the kind of dialogue that promises to lead, albeit not in the next few months or even couple years, to important change.

More specifically, the ABA Council might think in earnest about the following ...

Continue reading

August 18, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

WSJ: Meet the Law Professor Who’s Crashing the Inversion Party

Following up on my previous posts (here and here):  Wall Street Journal, Meet the Law Professor Who’s Crashing the Inversion Party:

ShayHarvard Law School professor Stephen Shay may have single-handedly crashed the corporate inversion party.

The U.S. Treasury Department has in recent days begun weighing how it could use its power to write regulations that would eliminate some of the key economic benefits U.S. corporations get when they acquire a non-U.S. company.

Mr. Shay, who served for seven years in the Treasury during two different administrations and spent 22 years as a tax partner at Ropes & Gray LLP, appeared to be the first person to make the government aware of its powers to crack down on the advantageous tax treatment of inversions in an article published on July 29, 2014 in Tax Notes, a publication closely followed by tax professionals.

“I just started asking the question, ‘What could be done with regulation rather than legislation’,” Mr. Shay said in an interview.

His answers — in the article entitled Mr. Secretary, Take the Tax Juice Out of Corporate Expatriations — have sent chills through corporate boardrooms and the law firms that have been profiting off the recent merger mania.

August 18, 2014 in Legal Education, Scholarship, Tax | Permalink | Comments (1)

Welcome, Pepperdine 1Ls

Welcome to the Pepperdine 1Ls, beginning their legal education today with a week-long program put on by our new Parris Institute for Professional Formation, ably led by Al Sturgeon and Danny DeWalt.


August 18, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

TaxProf Blog Weekend Roundup

Sunday, August 17, 2014

Who Killed Dan Markel?

Hit the Reset Button in Your Brain

New York Times Sunday Review:  Hit the Reset Button in Your Brain, by Daniel J. Levitin (McGill) (author, The Organized Mind (2014)):

Organized MindThis month, many Americans will take time off from work to go on vacation, catch up on household projects and simply be with family and friends. And many of us will feel guilty for doing so. We will worry about all of the emails piling up at work, and in many cases continue to compulsively check email during our precious time off.

But beware the false break. Make sure you have a real one. The summer vacation is more than a quaint tradition. Along with family time, mealtime and weekends, it is an important way that we can make the most of our beautiful brains. ...

If you’re feeling overwhelmed, there’s a reason: The processing capacity of the conscious mind is limited. This is a result of how the brain’s attentional system evolved. Our brains have two dominant modes of attention: the task-positive network and the task-negative network (they’re called networks because they comprise distributed networks of neurons, like electrical circuits within the brain). The task-positive network is active when you’re actively engaged in a task, focused on it, and undistracted; neuroscientists have taken to calling it the central executive. The task-negative network is active when your mind is wandering; this is the daydreaming mode. These two attentional networks operate like a seesaw in the brain: when one is active the other is not. ...

Every status update you read on Facebook, every tweet or text message you get from a friend, is competing for resources in your brain with important things like whether to put your savings in stocks or bonds, where you left your passport or how best to reconcile with a close friend you just had an argument with.

If you want to be more productive and creative, and to have more energy, the science dictates that you should partition your day into project periods. Your social networking should be done during a designated time, not as constant interruptions to your day.

Continue reading

August 17, 2014 in Book Club, Legal Education, Tax | Permalink | Comments (0)

Are You a Faculty of Hunters or a Faculty of Farmers?

Above the Law, Are You A Hunter Or A Farmer?:

David Maister, in his classic book Managing the Professional Firm, makes an observation that most professional firms fall into two categories: Farmers and Hunters.



Continue reading

August 17, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, August 16, 2014

Why Law School Rankings Matter More Than College, Business School, and Medical School Rankings

U.S. News (2015)Forbes, Why Law School Rankings Matter More Than Any Other Education Rankings:

[I]s all the hysteria warranted? Does a higher rank really guarantee better job prospects, higher salaries, and ultimately, a better life? The data says no…for the most part. While rankings are certainly helpful in a broad, directional sense, most of the obsession is groundless…with the exception of law school. At FindTheBest, we took a look at each major type of institution—undergraduate, business, medicine, and law—to see which rankings actually matter.

Undergraduate Rankings ... Conclusion: rankings don’t matter much
Business School Rankings ... Conclusion: rankings only matter a little, and can change quickly
Medical School Rankings ... Conclusion: rankings do matter, to a point, but residencies and concentrations should be your primary concern

Law School Rankings And so we finally arrive at law school, where as it turns out, rankings couldn’t be more important. For starters, consider that the top 14 schools in the nation have remained unchanged for 25 years—without a single new contender since US News started publishing law school rankings in 1989. Yes, the exact order among these 14 has changed a bit from year to year, but the top 14 (often abbreviated as the T14), has maintained its elite, unassailable status.

The T14’s dominance has created a year-after-year, self-fulfilling prophecy, where students covet these top institutions, the best professors desire to teach at these institutions, and law firms choose to hire from these institutions, essentially ensuring that the same group will remain the T14 for years to come. Employers admit that JDs from the T14 will be welcomed at law firms across the nation, while graduates of even the next best schools (like UCLA or Texas, perennially ranked between 15-20) will be much better off sticking to local markets.

Note how the top 14 schools claim the best employment rates in the nation:

The discrepancy is even more obvious if you look at employment at the largest, most desirable firms:

The T14 phenomenon has been around for decades, but recent trends in the legal market have exacerbated the situation. With an over-saturated pool of lawyers and law firms receiving an unprecedented number of applications, employers can be extremely picky, choosing only candidates guaranteed to be stellar. T14 graduates quickly snap up spots at the best employers, leaving lower-ranked law school graduates the smaller-firm crumbs.

Conclusion: rankings matter tremendously—a spot in a top 14 school is essential

So when it comes to most educational rankings, don’t worry so much about whether you’re attending the #1, #10, or even #50 school: students end up doing just as well, and there are often more important details to keep in mind. Don’t worry, that is, unless you’re going to law school, where it can make all the difference in the world.

Above the Law, Why You Absolutely Should Care About Law School Rankings

August 16, 2014 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (7)

Massive (50%-70%?) Faculty Layoffs at Cooley Law School

WMU Cooley logoLansing City Pulse, Cooley 'Right-Sizing': Large-Scale Layoffs Underway at WMU Cooley Law School:

Western Michigan University Thomas M. Cooley Law School is delivering pink slips to faculty and staff in all of its Michigan campuses.

Sources in Lansing who are being laid off say the cuts are deep, upwards of 50 percent, according to one. Another said the impact could be as high as 70 percent. A Cooley spokesman disputed the amount, but said he did not have numbers.

“We have non-disparagement and confidentiality clauses upon which our severance packages hinge so I cannot say anything on the record and very little off the record other than to confirm that the cuts to faculty and staff are significant and I am among those in that category,” shared one faculty member, who spoke under condition of anonymity. “Plus I am really, really pissed.” ... Cooley, the country’s largest law school by enrollment, boasted a faculty of 271, full time and part time, according to its website.

James Robb, associate dean of external affairs and senior counsel to the school, confirmed the layoffs are underway. They are a “painful but necessary” process to help “right-size the organization,” he said. ... WMU Cooley Law School has seen more than a 40 percent drop in enrollment over the past few years. Cooley has raised tuition by 9 percent. S&P gave it a negative rating at the end of last year. ...

When asked if the cuts were as deep as 50 percent Robb said, “I think you’re hearing wrong.” ... Robb said he expects the layoff process to be completed by the end of August.

August 16, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Friday, August 15, 2014

Is Legal Scholarship Politically Biased?

Adam S. Chilton (Chicago) & Eric A. Posner (Chicago), An Empirical Study of Political Bias in Legal Scholarship:

Law professors routinely accuse each other of making politically biased arguments in their scholarship. They have also helped produce a large empirical literature on judicial behavior that has found that judicial opinions sometimes reflect the ideological biases of the judges who join them. Yet no one has used statistical methods to test the parallel hypothesis that legal scholarship reflects the political biases of law professors. This paper provides the results of such a test. We find that, at a statistically significant level, law professors at elite law schools who make donations to Democratic political candidates write liberal scholarship, and law professors who make donations to Republican political candidates write conservative scholarship. These findings raise questions about standards of objectivity in legal scholarship.

Figure 3

Professors who are Democrats (adjusted)—shown in the left panel—have an average article ideology of -2.67 with a 90% confidence interval of -3.13 to -2.21. Using a t-test, we can say that this is statistically different from zero (p-value < 0.00). Professors who are Republicans (adjusted)—shown in the right panel—have an average article ideology of 0.17 with a 90% confidence interval of -0.72 to 1.10. For these professors, we cannot reject the possibility that the true net ideology of their articles is zero (p-value = 0.72). In other words, our data suggest that Democrats in our sample do not write articles that are on balance neutral, but that Republicans in our sample may write articles that are on balance neutral. ...

[I]f it is in fact the case that Republicans write less ideologically biased scholarship than Democrats do, then one would naturally ask why. The most plausible explanation is that if the dominant ethos in the top law schools is liberal or left-wing,51 then Republicans are likely to conceal their ideological views in their writings. Republican professors might fear that scholarship that appears conservative may be rejected by leftleaning law review editors, and disparaged or ignored by their colleagues, which will damage their chances for promotions, research money, and lateral appointments. This would explain why even nondonors tilt left. Republicans could suppress their ideological views by avoiding controversial topics, taking refuge in fields that have little ideological valence, focusing on empirical or analytical work, or simply writing things that they don’t believe.

Table 4

The data presented in Table 4 suggest that constitutional rights scholars are less ideologically diverse than other legal scholars. Among constitutional rights scholars, 77% are net Democratic donors, and 4% are net Republican donors. In the rest of the sample, 40% are net Democratic donors, and 20% are net Republican donors. It also shows that constitutional rights scholars are more likely to produce biased research (mean of -3.85 conservative articles) than Republican and Democratic scholars in other fields (mean of -1.35 conservative articles).

August 15, 2014 in Legal Education, Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (3)

Weekly Legal Education Roundup

UC-Hastings Dean: It's Time to Rethink Law School

San Francisco Daily Journal:  It's Time to Rethink Law School, by Frank Wu (Dean, UC-Hastings):

DangerThere are two schools of thought about legal education. One insists that law schools are fundamentally fine. They face only a momentary lull in demand. They will recover so long as they continue to do as they have done. Another contends that the educational program leading into legal practice is fundamentally flawed. It needs reform even if the marketplace improves. The recent economic crisis exposed problems that always had been there. I count myself among those who embrace the latter view. ...

The problem of legal education is more than one problem. At least three major concerns need to be addresses. First, there appears to be a glut of lawyers. ... Second, there is the cost structure of legal education. ... Third, there are the perennial complaints about the skills imparted during three years of formal schooling. ...

Put all this together. There has not been, in the recollection of anyone now living, a similar set of challenges for law schools. As with all such situations, however, leaders must spot the issues. We are in danger. We should not deny that.

Continue reading

August 15, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (2)

Have You Had Difficulty Using the Internet This Week? 512k Is the Culprit.

Wall Street Journal, Engineers Buzz That Internet Is Outgrowing Its Gear; Routers That Send Data Online Could Become Overloaded as Number of Internet Routes Hits '512K':

InternetNetwork engineers are buzzing this week as the Internet outgrows some of its gear.

Internet providers, corporations and universities all rely on a common map of routes to send emails, videos and everything else on the Web where it's supposed to go. That Internet atlas has thickened, and some of the machines that read it are now straining to hold all the pages.

While a precise count is elusive, many technicians are reporting that the total number of world-wide Internet routes is near or already past half a million, usually abbreviated 512K. Older network routers from Cisco and other makers can't hold any more unless they are tweaked.

The fix is simple. Engineers can buy new gear or raise their routers' memory caps and reboot. But some Web companies need to reconfigure each device one at a time, and the fallout is hard to judge given the numbers involved. The work already caused some websites to go offline Tuesday. ... More websites and broadband firms are likely to feel the pinch in coming days as they hit the seemingly arbitrary limit.

August 15, 2014 in Legal Education, Tax | Permalink | Comments (0)

Law Prof Loses Slip-and-Fall Case Against University of Texas; Claimed Injury Prevents Him From Playing Tennis

Texas Lawyer, Law Prof Loses Slip-and-Fall Claim at Third Court:

SampsonA divided Third Court of Appeals has tossed out a law professor's claims against The University of Texas at Austin for injuries he said he suffered after he tripped over an extension cord that was strung across a walkway to provide lighting for a nearby tailgate party [University of Texas v. Sampson]. At the time in November 2009, it was dark, and professor John "Jack" Sampson was walking to The University of Texas School of Law, where he works. ...

Sampson said he would appeal the 2-1 Third Court decision. He said he tore a tendon in his right shoulder and lost the ability to play tennis. "I played tennis two to three times per week, sometimes four. Of course, I can't serve, and I can't hit hard, so I can't play tennis. That is the tragedy of the accident … it stopped me from ever playing tennis again," said Sampson.

August 15, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Thursday, August 14, 2014

Fall 2014 Law School Applicants Decline 8.2%

LSAC, Three-Year ABA Volume Comparison:

As of 8/08/14, there are 352,406 fall 2014 applications submitted by 54,527 applicants. Applicants are down 6.7% and applications are down 8.2% from 2013. Last year at this time, we had 100% of the preliminary final applicant count ... [and] 100% of the preliminary final application count.

A line chart titled Fall ABA Applicants by Week. The horizontal axis represents months November through August. Along its vertical axis are numbers 0 through 100,000 indicating number of applicants. The line labeled Fall 2012 steadily rises from 16,719 in November to 59,090 in March, then begins to plateau from March until August ending at 67,735. The line labeled Fall 2013 increases from 12,728 in November to 48,674 in March, then begins to plateau from March until August ending at 59,426. The line labeled Fall 2014 rises slightly from 11,340 to 54,527 at the beginning of August.

Matt Leichter, 54,527 Law School Applicants in 2014:

Here’s what this year looks like compared to previous years.

No. Applicants Over App Cycle

August 14, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Applications at New York State Law Schools

New York Law Journal, Four N.Y. Schools Buck Trend in Declining Applications:

New York StateAt least four of New York's 15 law schools are bucking a national trend in declining applications, according to preliminary figures provided by the schools.

New York University [+8%], St. John's [+14%], Syracuse [+6%] and Touro [+5%] all received more applications in the 2014 admissions cycle than they did last year. Another five saw their applicants decline [Albany (-20%), Cardozo (-14%), Fordham (-9%), Hofstra (-9%), Cornell (-2%)] while six did not provide numbers to the New York Law Journal.

Nationwide, applications are down 8.2% since last year, according to the latest figures released Wednesday by the Law School Admission Council. And they have fallen more than 34 percent since 2008.

August 14, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Rebrand: Western Michigan University Cooley Law School

Press Release, Cooley Law is now Western Michigan University Cooley Law School:

WMU Cooley logoAfter reviews by the Higher Learning Commission and the ABA, an affiliation agreement in the works for more than a year has led to a new identity for the nation's largest law school--the Western Michigan University Thomas M. Cooley Law School.

August 14, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, August 13, 2014

Concordia Law Students in Limbo as ABA Delays School's Provisional Accreditation

ConcordiaNational Law Journal, ABA Delays Action on Concordia Law's Accreditation:

Members of Concordia University School of Law’s inaugural class still don’t know whether they’ll be eligible to sit for the bar examination next summer.

The ABA’s Council of the Section of Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar last week delayed action on Concordia’s application for provisional accreditation. Instead, the council appointed a fact-finder to examine the application. ...

With its inaugural class of 45 students nearing graduation, the school had asked the Idaho Supreme Court for a waiver that would allow its graduates to take the state’s bar exam next summer. The court refused in late July.

August 13, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Best Value Law Schools

Cover 1Prelaw, Best Value Law Schools:

To be considered for the overall list, a school must have an average debt of less than $106,000 [$115,000 for private schools]; employment greater than 69.5%; and a bar pass rate greater than 75%, and no less than 3% below the state average. ...

After we narrowed down the list based on these parameters, we then ranked the schools using this formula: percent of graduates who pass the bar exam (15%); employment rate (35%); tuition (25%); cost of living (10%); and average indebtedness upon graduation (15%).

National Jurist ranked the 53 Best Value Law Schools.  Here are the Top 20:

Page 33

August 13, 2014 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (6)

Fundraiser for Law School Transparency

FundRazr LogoRacing for Law School Transparency at 10,000 Feet:

A message from Mike Spivey . . .

As you may be aware, I was recently named to Law School Transparency's (LST) board of directors. LST is a non-profit founded five years ago that helps prospective law students make informed decisions about whether and where to attend law school. LST organizes and shares real consumer information with tens of thousands of applicants each year who are looking to spend hundreds of thousands of dollars on a law degree.

LST has made an enormous impact on legal education through its tireless advocacy efforts, but it still has much to accomplish. For example, schools still hide unfavorable jobs data and the ABA still does not adequately enforce its own standards prohibiting deceptive marketing. I believe that LST will continue to be a major force for accountability. This is why I joined the board and pledged to raise $10,000.

August 13, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, August 12, 2014

George Washington Seeks to Hire a Tax Prof

George Washington Law Logo (2014)The George Washington University Law School is seeking to hire a tenure-track or tenured tax professor in a variety fields, including tax:

The George Washington University Law School may make one or more full-time faculty appointments in subject areas that may include Corporate Finance, Intellectual Property, Health Law, and/or Tax, among others. In addition, it is possible that we will make one or more faculty appointments in clinical teaching. Appointments will be for either tenure-track or tenured positions.  ...

Continue reading

August 12, 2014 in Legal Education, Tax, Tax Prof Jobs | Permalink | Comments (0)

ABA Approves Changes to Law School Accreditation Standards

National Law Journal, ABA Delegates Approve Law School Reforms:

ABA Logo 2The ABA’s governing body on Monday endorsed an extensive package of law school reforms designed to increase students’ clinical and distance-learning opportunities.

Standards for law schools would require students to take a minimum of six hours in a legal clinic or other “experiential” environment; encourage 50 hours of pro bono service; and allow students to take up to 15 credit hours of distance courses, up from 12. Students won’t be limited to 20 hours of outside work per week anymore.

To protect accreditation, law schools would have to shift toward assessments that focus on student outcomes—including bar-exam results and employment—rather than qualifications of incoming students or other factors.

“J.D. programs will remain a rigorous study of the law,” former Arizona Supreme Court Justice Ruth McGregor assured the ABA House of Delegates, which voted on the reforms during the ABA's annual meeting in Boston. “It will basically remain a three-year program.”  ...

While most of the changes were unanimously approved by voice vote, disagreement arose over two aspects of the reform package.

Continue reading

August 12, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

Monday, August 11, 2014

ABA Task Force Debates Financing of Legal Education at its First Meeting

ABA Journal, Task Force on Legal-ed Financing Mulls Causes of Rising Tuition at its First-ever Public Hearing:

ABA Logo 2At its first public hearing, the ABA's new Task Force on the Financing of Legal Education spent much of its time trying to determine exactly what is leading to increases in law school tuition, and debilitating debt loads being carried by so many law students.

The task force, chaired by former Detroit mayor and onetime ABA President Dennis Archer, met over a day and a half Saturday and Sunday during the ABA's Annual Meeting in Boston. Its aim is to examine the cost of legal education for students, and to explore student lending and how law schools are being financed. Beginning with the public hearing, the task force is delving into how law schools use merit scholarships, tuition discounts and need-based financial aid.

Witnesses sought to frame core issues and problems, each from their own perspectives. And task force members pushed each of them to back up their statements with data or anything besides anecdotes. ...

Continue reading

August 11, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

A Moment of Simple Justice: Law School

August 11, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (3)

TaxProf Blog Weekend Roundup

Saturday, August 9, 2014

Princeton and Wellesley May Re-inflate Grades

P-WPrinceton and Wellesley are considering reversing actions they took a decade ago to curb grade inflation:  Princeton capped A-range grades at 35%, and Wellesley imposed a mandatory B+ median in introductory (100) level and intermediate (200) level courses with at least 10 students:

Princeton, Report from the Ad Hoc Committee to Review Policies Regarding Assessment and Grading:


Wellesley, The Effects of an Anti-Grade-Inflation Policy at Wellesley College:



Update:  The Economist, What the Ivies Can Learn From Wellesley

August 9, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (6)

Friday, August 8, 2014

Weekly Legal Education Roundup

August 8, 2014 in Legal Education, Weekly Legal Education Roundup | Permalink | Comments (0)

Council of the ABA Section on Legal Education Meets Today

ABA Logo 2The Council of the ABA Section on Legal Education and Admission to the Bar meets today in Boston:

Open Session Agenda

A. June 2014 Open Session Minutes

B. Review and Approve Revised Internal Operating Practices (IOPs)
1.  Revised IOPs
2.  Explanation of Revisions

C. Report on Standards Transition Plan

D.  Budget
1.  Consider revised budget, based on ABA budget outcome, hiring, revision to travel budget, technology and set school fees

E. Affiliate Reports
1.  AALL
2.  ALWD
3.  CLEA
4.  LSAC
5.  NALP Update
6.  NALP Class of 2013 Selected Findings
7.  NCBE
8.  SALT

F. Data Policy Committee Report (Strickman)
1. Minor adjustments to AQ
2. Beta testing of employment outcomes protocol

G. Rport on Student Loans Forgiveness Work Group

H. Committee Reports
1.  BOG Liaison
2.  Law Student Division
3.  Young Lawyers
4.  House of Delegates
5.  Managing Director
6.  Chairperson

August 8, 2014 in ABA Tax Section, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (0)

1911 College Rankings (U.S. Government Edition)

Chronicle of Higher Education, How Did the Federal Government Rate Your College a Century Ago?:

1911As Vox’s Libby Nelson notes in a chronicle of the 1911 ratings, the Association of American Universities actually asked the government to devise them. Kendric Charles Babcock, the top higher-education official in the U.S. Bureau of Education, itself a division of the Interior Department, undertook the task. Few were happy with the result. (Anyone surprised?) President William Howard Taft later killed it.

So how did your college stack up more than a century ago? A few things to keep in mind: The four tiers of colleges were based on how prepared their graduates were for graduate school. Also, the asterisks in Class II were used to distinguish its stronger colleges, the equivalent of a “plus” in a paper grade.


Continue reading

August 8, 2014 in Law School Rankings, Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (1)

94% of Academic Economists Admit to Unacceptable Research Practices, Including Sex for Co-authorship and Promotion

Inside Higher Ed, Sex, Lies, Economists:

SLVA small proportion of European economists have confessed to “acceptance or offering of sex” in exchange for co-authorship or promotion, as well as owning up to fabricating or manipulating data.

A survey of about 400 economists, conducted among members of the European Economic Association on an anonymous basis, is analyzed in the article Scientific Misbehavior in Economics, currently in press for the journal Research Policy.

Ninety-four percent of respondents reported having engaged in at least one “unaccepted research practice,” the paper says.

London School of Economics, Scientific Misbehavior in Economics: Unacceptable Research Practice Linked to Perceived Pressure to Publish:

Almost every economist reports having engaged in at least one practice considered unacceptable by peers. For example, one third of the participants admit to having cherry-picked results – the selective presentation of empirical results that confirm one’s argument is rejected by 84%. Even though 64% consider it unacceptable to divide one’s work into small units to maximize the number of publications, 20% confess salami slicing. Strategic behavior in the publication process is considered unjustifiable by two thirds. However, 39% admit that they have taken into account suggestions of referees or editors even though they thought that they were wrong. Even 60% report that they have cited strategically to raise publication prospects.

research practice

August 8, 2014 in Legal Education, Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (1)

Thursday, August 7, 2014

Tenured Florida A&M Prof Sues Law School, Claiming Gender Discrimination in Pay

Tampa Tribune, FAMU’s Law School Hit with Discrimination, Unequal Pay Lawsuit by Female Professor:

Florida AM LogoJennifer Smith, an associate professor hired in 2004, ... accuses [Florida A&M Law School] of eight violations of federal and state law on equal pay and gender discrimination, her suit says. She seeks unspecified damages, a promotion to full professor, attorney fees and other relief.

Her complaint says the law school “consistently hired men at considerably higher rates than women,” with male associate professors “paid considerably more” than females. Smith says she was granted tenure in 2010, but has been repeatedly turned down for promotion to full professor ever since, starting that same year.

Smith’s complaint says that an administrator “sabotaged” her promotion by replacing the good recommendations in her file with bad ones and then called other university officials to further torpedo any promotion. She says her treatment was in part retaliation for submitting public record requests to the school for professor-pay information.

Her complaint also reveals she lodged a workplace-violence complaint against the same administrator, saying that person “made some threatening comments about her.” Smith’s complaint quotes from a September 2012 ABA report on the law school that cited faculty concerns about an “inhospitable environment for women, lesbians and gay faculty members.”

August 7, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (4)

Wednesday, August 6, 2014

How UC-Berkeley and UCLA Law Schools Responded to Ban on Affirmative Action

Inside Higher Ed, How Berkeley and UCLA Law Schools Responded to Ban on Affirmative Action:

UCA new study from the National Bureau of Economic Research [Danny Yagan (UC-Berkeley), Affirmative Action Bans and Black Admission Outcomes: Selection-Corrected Estimates from UC Law Schools] explores the impact of California's ban on consideration of race in admissions on admissions rates for black students to the law schools at the University of California at Berkeley and UCLA. The study finds a significant drop in the black admit rate -- from 61 to 31 percent, controlling for various factors. The 31 percent figure, the study finds, is still significantly higher than it would have been had the law schools focused largely on traditional admissions criteria such as test scores and grades, and the advantage for black applicants is greatest among the share of the applicant pool that is on the line between admission and rejection. The study suggests that the UC law schools have minimized the loss of black students by placing greater emphasis in admissions on race-neutral factors (such as economic disadvantage) that apply to many black applicants. Officials of the two law schools said that they were studying the report and could not comment on it Monday.

Table 1

Cheating: An Insider's Report on the Use of Race in Admissions at UCLA

August 6, 2014 in Legal Education, Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (1)

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

Sad News From Vermont Law School

HannaCheryl Hanna, Vice President for External Relations and Professor of Law at Vermont Law School, took her own life last week at the age of 48, leaving behind a husband and two children. Professor Hanna's family has requested that, in lieu of flowers, memorial contributions be made in her memory to Women Helping Battered Women, P.O. Box 1535, Burlington, VT 05402.

ShieldsFormer Vermont Dean Geoffrey “Jeff” Benson Shields died on August 2 at the age of 68.   His family asks that any gifts in his memory be sent to the Hallowell Singers, 191 Canal St., Brattleboro, Vt. 05301, or to The Jeff and Genie Shields Prize at Vermont Law School, 164 Chelsea St., South Royalton Vt. 05068. A week before his death, Dean Shields and his wife gave their family home to the law school:

“Jeff and Genie have given to this school in so many remarkable ways over the years—their extraordinary and dedicated service to students, faculty, staff and alumni during Jeff’s tenure as president and dean, their contributions to and relentless fundraising for the Center for Legal Services, and, of course, the establishment of the Shields Prize,” Mihaly and Board of Trustees Chairman Edward Mattes ’83 wrote in a letter to VLS faculty and staff. “The Shields have always led by example. This most generous gift is clear manifestation of [their] philanthropic spirit.” The historic 3,400-square-foot home, built in 1810, is currently for sale and rented by VLS students. The law school plans to continue the search for a buyer and have the students remain in residence for the duration of their lease.

August 5, 2014 in Legal Education, Obituaries | Permalink | Comments (3)

The Most Educated Places in America

NerdWallet, The Most Educated Places in America:

Certain cities in the U.S. have populations with higher levels of educational attainment than others. This often depends on what prominent industries are located in these places—cities that offer more technical occupational opportunities tend to draw more skilled and educated members of the labor force.

NerdWallet crunched the numbers to find the most educated places in America. We looked at increasing levels of educational attainment among the populations of 1,990 places across the U.S., from residents with at least a high school diploma to those with a doctorate or professional degree. ... We calculated the overall score for each place by weighting the following factors:

  1. Percentage of population with at least a high school diploma or associate’s degree: 40% of the overall score.
  2. Percentage of population with at least a bachelor’s degree: 30% of the overall score.
  3. Percentage of population with a master’s degree: 10% of the overall score.
  4. Percentage of population with a doctorate degree: 10% of the overall score.
  5. Percentage of population with a professional degree: 10% of the overall score.


(Hat Tip: Bill Turnier.)

August 5, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (10)

Memorial Tributes to Dan Markel (1972-2014)

Markel[Continually Updated]  Memorial tributes to Dan Markel, D’Alemberte Professor of Law at Florida State and founder of PrawfsBlawg, who was shot and killed in his home in Tallahassee on July 18.

August 5, 2014 in Legal Education | Permalink | Comments (2)