TaxProf Blog

Editor: Paul L. Caron, Dean
Pepperdine University School of Law

Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Smartphone Use Lowers Student GPAs

Iphone-5sAndrew Lepp, Jacob Barkley & Aryn Karpinski (all of Kent State University, College of Education, Health and Human Services), The Relationship Between Cell Phone Use, Academic Performance, Anxiety, and Satisfaction with Life in College Students, 31 Computers in Human Behavior 343 (2013):

Kent State University researchers ... surveyed more than 500 university students. Daily cell phone use was recorded along with a clinical measure of anxiety and each student’s level of satisfaction with their own life, or in other words happiness. Finally, all participants allowed the researchers to access their official university records in order to retrieve their actual, cumulative college grade point average (GPA). All students surveyed were undergraduate students and were equally distributed by class (freshman, sophomore, junior and senior). In addition, 82 different, self-reported majors were represented.

Results of the analysis showed that cell phone use was negatively related to GPA and positively related to anxiety. Following this, GPA was positively related to happiness while anxiety was negatively related to happiness. Thus, for the population studied, high frequency cell phone users tended to have lower GPA, higher anxiety, and lower satisfaction with life (happiness) relative to their peers who used the cell phone less often. The statistical model illustrating these relationships was highly significant.

(Hat Tip: Inside Higher Ed.)

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