November 26, 2012
Sullivan: Deduction Caps Can Raise Marginal Rates, Cut Economic Growth
Martin A. Sullivan (Tax Analysts), Deduction Caps Can Raise Marginal Rates, Cut Economic Growth, 137 Tax Notes 939 (Nov. 26, 2012):
Long-run job creation through tax cutting is a two-step process. The first step is to lower marginal tax rates. Then those lower marginal rates increase taxpayers’ willingness to invest and seek employment. Most of the unending argument about the effect of taxes on job creation centers on step two — that is, the responsiveness of saving and labor supply to changes in marginal tax rates.
Despite all the effort, there is still enough uncertainty about the empirical research that both proand antitax partisans can cite plausible estimates to support their views. This article sidesteps the highly politicized component of the debate about the economic effects of taxes and instead focuses on step one, the oft-neglected arithmetic of the effects of tax reform on marginal rates.
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