Saturday, August 25, 2012
Wall Street Journal: A Clue Emerges to Romney’s Gift-Tax Mystery, by Mark Maremont:
One of the mysteries surrounding Mitt Romney’s taxes is how the former private-equity executive managed to get $100 million into a family trust for his children without incurring federal gift taxes.
A potential clue may be found in a previously unreported 2008 presentation made by a partner at law firm Ropes & Gray LLP, which represents the GOP presidential nominee. It focuses on how private-equity executives could minimize gift and estate taxes by giving family members some of their “carried interest” rights, a major form of compensation that entitles private-equity executives to a slice of the firm’s future investment profits. ...
The attorney at Ropes & Gray wrote that in the 1990s and early 2000s estate-planning lawyers “commonly advised” that executives could claim a value of zero on these transfers of carried-interest rights for federal gift-tax purposes. He said the practice ended by 2005.
Gifts of carried-interest rights are common, but several estate-planning attorneys at major New York firms said they are puzzled by the claim that the rights ever could have been valued at zero, particularly at an established private-equity firm. They said long-standing rules require taxpayers to value all gifts at fair-market value, or what a willing buyer would pay a willing seller.
In response to a reporter’s questions, a Romney adviser said the presentation by the Ropes & Gray lawyer was aimed at educating other attorneys about industry practices, not a description of Ropes & Gray’s advice to clients. Based on the presentation, the adviser said, “you should not assume” that was the firm’s advice to clients or that Mr. Romney’s gift-tax returns ever valued carried-interest rights at zero. ...
Jay Waxenberg, an estate-planning attorney at Proskauer Rose LLP in New York who advises private-equity executives, said valuations “tend to be very low,” but he has never known anybody at an established firm claim a zero value. ...
In his 2008 presentation, the law firm partner, Marc J. Bloostein, said the basis for believing that carried-interest rights could have a zero gift-tax value stemmed partly from a 1993 IRS ruling related to income tax treatment of the rights. [Rev. Proc. 93-27, 1993-2 C.B. 343,] The IRS said taxpayers could claim the rights had no immediate value when they were received, but would have to pay capital-gains tax on any income that later flowed from them.
Mr. Bloostein indicated that gift-tax valuation practices changed by 2005, saying that although there was once “reason to think” that a zero valuation could be claimed, “it has become clear” that fair-market value is the correct standard and “it is advisable to engage a professional appraiser.”
- Forbes, Romney's Taxes: It's The Carried Interest, Stupid, by Janet Novack