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Tuesday, May 15, 2012

Kahn: The Individual Mandate Tax Penalty

Jeffrey H. Kahn (Florida State), The Individual Mandate Tax Penalty, 47 U. Mich. J.L. Reform ___ (2013):

In 2010, President Obama signed legislation that significantly altered the healthcare and health insurance markets in the United States. An integral part of that reform is the individual mandate, a provision that requires individuals to purchase and maintain healthcare insurance. Failure to maintain such coverage subjects an individual to a tax penalty. The Supreme Court recently heard oral arguments on the constitutionality of that provision in particular which, if found unconstitutional, could lead the Court to strike down the entire reform legislation.

Whichever way the Court rules, fundamental questions will remain. This article addresses the question of whether the use of a tax penalty to encourage taxpayers to do something that the government desires is normatively a good idea. Many commentators have contended that a tax penalty is economically equivalent to the current tax system’s use of deductions and credits to encourage behavior. This article argues that despite some similarity, there are major differences between the two that should lead Congress to consider whether the desirability of using this tax penalty approach in the future. This article also questions whether the use of the Internal Revenue Service to administer and enforce a penalty that has little to do with the correct baseline of income will have an effect on general tax compliance.

This article explores the individual mandate tax penalty in detail. It explains the mechanics of the tax penalty provision and points out several ambiguities in the provision that will likely require clarification. It also explores the issue of whether some of the problems in the healthcare system at which the mandate is aimed have been exaggerated. The author is skeptical of the extent of some of those problems and contends that the use of the tax penalty is inappropriate. The article concludes that Congress should reexamine the pros and cons and unintended consequences of using a tax penalty to induce behavior before going down a similar road.

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Comments

This is a good article about the healthcare bill and ramifications on future tax legislation being tied to government mandates. I'm surprised that there hasn't been any comments about it.

Posted by: Woody | May 16, 2012 12:38:22 PM

*haven't* (Sorry)

Posted by: Woody | May 16, 2012 12:39:40 PM

I read the whole article. It's a decent summary, but I didn't learn anything new.

What would have been new, and which I might attempt some day for fun, is to construct a tax rate schedule that mimics the financial effect of the penalty. This would allow me to test some claims that the mandate could have been implemented as a tax break coupled with higher base rates. My guess is that the higher base rates will far exceed 100% in some situations.

Posted by: AMTbuff | May 24, 2012 6:35:49 PM