Tuesday, September 16, 2008
Susan C. Morse (Santa Clara University School of Law), Stewart Karlinsky (San Jose State University, Lucas Graduate School of Business) & Joseph Bankman (Stanford Law School) have posted Cash Businesses and Tax Evasion, 30 Stan. L. & Pol'y Rev. ___ (2009), on SSRN. Here is the abstract:
This paper offers interview data on the tax compliance behavior of small cash businesses. We find that such businesses systematically underpay income, employment and sales taxes through income underreporting. The results show that participation in a parallel cash economy facilitates tax evasion and that cash business owners seek out sympathetic tax preparers. We also find that norms and opportunity, but not equity or tax law complexity, strongly influence such decisions to underreport income. The behavior patterns indicated by our data suggest specific policy tactics in the effort to close the tax gap.